Carly Ziter

Assistant Professor,
Concordia University

Department of Biology
Institution page
Personal page


  • PhD Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison (2014 - 2018)
  • MSc, Biology and Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University (2011-2013)
  • BSc, Environmental Biology University of Guelph (2007-2011)


Our research vision is to conduct solutions oriented science to enhance biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service provision in urban and urbanizing landscapes We use the ecosystem services concept as a lens through which to ask ecological questions related to sustainability, policy and practice. Within this framework, we use field observation/experiments, advanced sensor data, and synthesis approaches to ask how landscape structure, land-use history, and biodiversity interact to impact multiple ecosystem services in urban and urbanizing landscapes. While research in the lab is strongly grounded in landscape and ecosystem ecology, we recognize that addressing complex ecological problems is inherently interdisciplinary. We strive to develop research partnerships both within and outside the university, and value community engagement as integral to our work. Past research has relied on partnerships with landowners and managers, community groups, local governments, and planners. (We are always looking for new research partners!)

Prizes and honours

Canadian Society for Ecology and Evolution PhD Excellence and Diversity Award (2018)

QCBS students

Noa Davidai

(Start: 2022)
Other QCBS (co-)supervisor: Emma Despland
Dispersal and Survival of Invasive Defoliating Moths

Isabella Richmond

(Start: 2021)
Temporal and spatial drivers of Canadian urban forests

Chloe Cull

Other (co-)supervisor: Dr. Barbara Frei
(Start: 2022)
Nest Survival of Breeding Birds and Recreational Use

Previous students (since 2009)

Kayleigh Hutt-Taylor

(Start: 2019, End: 2021)
Assessing the contribution of public and private green space to urban forest diversity in Montreal: a community-based approach to urban tree diversity

Michael Paulauskas

(Start: 2021, End: 2023)
Assessing land-use legacy effects on soil biodiversity decomposition in urban parks
Personal page

Serena Sinno

(Start: 2019, End: 2022)
Other QCBS (co-)supervisor: Jean-Philippe Lessard
Assessing the floral resource preference for native bees in urban ecosystems

Kieu-Nhi Vu

(Start: 2020, End: 2020)
Housing density and access to ecosystem services through urban green space

Examples of species studied

Rhamnus cathartica
Apis mellifera


28- Linkages between plant functional diversity and soil-based ecosystem services in urban and peri-urban vacant lots
Journal Article
Mendes P , Bourgeois B , Pellerin S , Ziter C D , Cimon-Morin J , Poulin M ,
2024 Urban Ecosystems (Date Added: 2024-01-19)

27- Climate Education That Builds Hope and Agency, Not Fear
Journal Note
2024 Eos (United States) (Date Added: 2024-01-19)

26- The effects of urban density on the provision of multiple health-related ecosystem services
Journal Article
Kroft L E , Ziter C D ,
2023 Urban Ecosystems (Date Added: 2023-11-19)

25- Decline in wild bee species richness associated with honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) abundance in an urban ecosystem
Journal Article
MacInnis G , Normandin E , Ziter C D ,
2023 PeerJ (Date Added: 2023-04-06)

24- What evidence exists for the use of urban forest management in nature-based carbon solutions and bird conservation. A systematic map protocol
Journal Article
Hutt-Taylor K , Ziter C D , Frei B ,
2022 Environmental Evidence (Date Added: 2022-11-10)

23- Private trees contribute uniquely to urban forest diversity, structure and service-based traits
Journal Article
Hutt-Taylor K , Ziter C D ,
2022 Urban Forestry and Urban Greening (Date Added: 2022-11-10)

22- Global urban environmental change drives adaptation in white clover
Journal Article
2022 Science (Date Added: 2022-09-08)

21- A global horizon scan for urban evolutionary ecology
Journal Article
Verrelli B C , Alberti M , Des Roches S , Harris N C , Hendry A P , Johnson M T , Savage A M , Charmantier A , Gotanda K M , Govaert L , Miles L S , Rivkin L R , Winchell K M , Brans K I , Correa C , Diamond S E , Fitzhugh B , Grimm N B , Hughes S , Marzluff J M , Munshi-South J , Rojas C , Santangelo J S , Schell C J , Schweitzer J A , Szulkin M , Urban M C , Zhou Y , Ziter C ,
2022 Trends in Ecology and Evolution (Date Added: 2022-08-31)

20- Cryptic eco-evolutionary feedback in the city
Journal Article
Ziter C D ,
2022 The Journal of animal ecology (Date Added: 2022-03-14)

18- Ready, Set, Go: Community Science Field Campaign Reveals Habitat Preferences of Nonnative Asian Earthworms in an Urban Landscape
Journal Article
Ziter C D , Herrick B M , Johnston M R , Turner M G ,
2021 BioScience (Date Added: 2021-05-07)

17- Key information needs to move from knowledge to action for biodiversity conservation in Canada
Journal Article
Buxton R T , Bennett J R , Reid A J , Shulman C , Cooke S J , Francis C M , Nyboer E A , Pritchard G , Binley A D , Avery-Gomm S , Ban N C , Beazley K F , Bennett E , Blight L K , Bortolotti L E , Camfield A F , Gadallah F , Jacob A L , Naujokaitis-Lewis I , Raudsepp-Hearne C , Roche D G , Soulard F , Stralberg D , Sadler K D , Solarik K A , Ziter C D , Brandt J , McKindsey C W , Greenwood D A , Boxall P C , Ngolah C F , Chan K M , Lapen D , Poser S , Girard J , DiBacco C , Hayne S , Orihel D , Lewis D , Littlechild D , Marshall S J , McDermott L , Whitlow R , Browne D , Sunday J , Smith P A ,
2021 Biological Conservation (Date Added: 2021-04-23)

16- Road salt impact on soil electrical conductivity across an urban landscape
Journal Article
Shannon T P , Ahler S J , Mathers A , Ziter C D , Dugan H A ,
2020 Journal of Urban Ecology (Date Added: 2020-03-26)

15- Interdisciplinary collaboration is essential to understand and implement climate-resilient strategies in cities
Journal Article
Ziter, CD, Pedersen, EJ, Kucharik, CJ, Turner, MG
2019 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Date Added: 2020-01-07)

14- Research gaps in knowledge of the impact of urban growth on biodiversity
Journal Article
McDonald R I , Mansur A V , Ascensão F , Colbert M , Crossman K , Elmqvist T , Gonzalez A , Güneralp B , Haase D , Hamann M , Hillel O , Huang K , Kahnt B , Maddox D , Pacheco A , Pereira H M , Seto K C , Simkin R , Walsh B , Werner A S , Ziter C ,
2019 Nature Sustainability (Date Added: 2019-12-27)

13- Scale-dependent interactions between tree canopy cover and impervious surfaces reduce daytime urban heat during summer
Journal Article
Ziter, CD, Pedersen, EJ, Kucharik, CJ, Turner, MG
2019 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Date Added: 2019-04-22)

12- Conducting urban ecology research on private property: advice for new urban ecologists
Journal Article
Dyson, K, Ziter, C, Fuentes, TL, Patterson, MS
2019 Journal of Urban Ecology (Date Added: 2019-02-21)

10- Current and historical land use influence soil-based ecosystem services in an urban landscape
Journal Article
Ziter, C, Turner, MG
2018 Ecological Applications (Date Added: 2019-02-15)

9- How do land-use legacies affect ecosystem services in United States cultural landscapes?
Journal Article
Ziter, C, Graves, RA, Turner, MG
2017 Landscape Ecology (Date Added: 2019-02-15)

8- Historical foundations and future directions in macrosystems ecology
Journal Article
Rose, KC, Graves, RA, Hansen, WD, Harvey, BJ, Qiu, J, Wood, SA, Ziter, C, Turner, MG
2017 Ecology Letters (Date Added: 2019-02-15)

7- The biodiversity-ecosystem service relationship in urban areas: A quantitative review
Journal Article
Ziter, C
2016 Oikos (Date Added: 2019-02-15)

6- The montérégie connection: Linking landscapes, biodiversity, and ecosystem services to improve decision making
Journal Article
Mitchell, MGE, Bennett, EM, Gonzalez, A, Lechowicz, MJ, Rhemtulla, JM, Cardille, JA, Vanderheyden, K, Poirier-Ghys, G, Renard, D, Delmotte, S, Albert, CH, Rayfield, B, Dumitru, M, Huang, H-H, Larouche, M, Liss, KN, Maguire, DY, Martins, KT, Terrado, M, Ziter, C, Taliana, L, Dancose, K
2015 Ecology and Society (Date Added: 2016-07-13)

5- Temperate forest fragments maintain aboveground carbon stocks out to the forest edge despite changes in community composition
Journal Article
Ziter, C, Bennett, EM, Gonzalez, A
2014 Oecologia (Date Added: 2014-09-12)

4- Nutrients and defoliation increase soil carbon inputs in grassland
Journal Article
Ziter, C, Macdougall, AS
2013 Ecology (Date Added: 2019-02-15)

3- Variability in ecosystem service measurement: A pollination service case study
Journal Article
Liss, KN, Mitchell, MGE, Macdonald, GK, Mahajan, SL, Méthot, J, Jacob, AL, Maguire, DY, Metson, GS, Ziter, C, Dancose, K, Martins, K, Terrado, M, Bennett, EM
2013 Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (Date Added: 2013-10-16)

2- Functional diversity and management mediate aboveground carbon stocks in small forest fragments
Journal Article
Ziter, C, Bennett, EM, Gonzalez, A
2013 Ecosphere (Date Added: 2013-08-01)

1- Climate change and voltinism in Californian insect pest species: Sensitivity to location, scenario and climate model choice
Journal Article
Ziter, C, Robinson, EA, Newman, JA
2012 Global Change Biology (Date Added: 2019-02-15)

In the media

Appel aux citoyens pour inventorier les arbres sur les terrains privés à Québec
(Alexandra Perron) 2024-04-22

Une doctorante de l’Université Concordia transforme les balcons de Montréal en hauts lieux de biodiversité
(Émilie Hervieux) 2024-04-09

Cities can expect mass species turnover in a warming world
(Kendra Pierre-Louis) 2024-03-30

Hay interés en Canadá en efectos benéficos de los

The mighty benefits of 'tiny forests'
(Benjamin Shingler) 2024-02-18

The Walrus Talks a New City

Abundance of urban honeybees adversely impacts wild bee populations, according to new Concordia research
(Patrick Lejtenyi) 2023-04-26

Plant and animal species that adapt quickly to city life are more likely to survive
(Riikka Kinnunen, Carly Ziter) 2023-02-27

A Concordia urban forest-mapping project wraps up with help from public and private data
(Patrick Lejtenyi) 2023-01-10

Urban heat islands highlight social inequity
(CBC News) 2022-07-15

Here's who lives in your city's worst heat islands
(Naël Shiab, Isabelle Bouchard) 2022-07-13

How much should a tree be worth? Experts say cities should consider climate-related benefits
(Stephanie Dubois) 2022-07-12

The Connection Between the Climate Change and Our Lawns

A fall walk on a cliff in the heart of Montreal: A beautiful citizen story supported by our TD Park People Grants Program
(Caroline Magar-Bisson) 2020-01-13

Why livable cities need public spaces that aren’t an afterthought

Seminar series sheds light on ecological stress affecting our waterways

Pellerin: Healthy Ottawa – why the city needs more tree-huggers
(Brigitte Pellerin) 2019-08-15

Tree cover cools cities at the most local level: Concordia researcher