Parnian Pourtaherian

Concordia University
M.Sc. candidate

Supervisor: Jochen Jaeger
Start: 2019-09-03

Project

Analyzing the effects of greenbelts on urban sprawl in European cities
The fast and largely uncontrolled expansion of urban areas across the planet is subject to controversy regarding its detrimental consequences. Urban sprawl generally refers to dispersed, low-density development on undeveloped land, which is currently following an unsustainable trend, and it includes various negative impacts, particularly many significant environmental consequences. The United Nations have claimed that Europe is among the most urbanized geographic regions in the world with 74 percent of the population living in urban areas in 2018; and there are proofs that an extensive part of Europe is affected by urban sprawl. In some countries, one of the policies to prevent urban sprawl and to stop the permeation of built-up areas into the landscape is the use of greenbelts around the cities or regions. A greenbelt is an enduring open space such as a forest or farmland drawn around a city or a region, which its main purpose is to restrict urban growth and restrain urban sprawl. This study aims at analyzing urban sprawl among multiple European cities with and without greenbelts, with different population sizes, to provide a comprehensive view on the functionality of greenbelts.