Daniel Schoen

Associate Professor,
McGill University

Department of Biology
E-mail: daniel.schoen@mcgill.ca
Institution page


  • Postdoctorat, U. of Georgia, 1983
  • Postdoctorat, U. de Canterbury, 1982
  • Ph. D., U. of California - Berkeley, 1981
  • Maîtrise, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1976
  • Baccalauréat, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1975

  • Research

    Our lab does work on a diverse array of evolutionary topics. The organizing theme that ties these topics together are evolutionary and population genetics. Much, but not all of the work we do, focuses on plants. More recently, we have also adopted the nematode, C. elegans, as a model system for some of the questions that we are addressing. Here are some of the areas that we are interested in:

  • Evolution of reproductive systems in plants
  • Genome evolution
  • Conservation genetics

  • QCBS students

    Previous students (since 2009)

    Simon Joly

    Postdoctoral fellow
    (Start: 2008, End: 2010)
    Mating System Evolution in Leavenworthia (Brassicaceae)

    Sarah Baldwin

    (Start: 2013, End: 2018)
    Why does self-incompatibility persist in natural populations?
    Personal page

    Adam Herman

    (Start: 2008, End: 2015)
    Evolution of Self-Incompatibility in the Mustard Genus Leavenworthia

    Helen Jensen

    (Start: 2007, End: 2011)
    Genetic diversity and disease resistance in landraces of barley

    Kyle Bobiwash

    (Start: 2010, End: 2012)
    Pollination studies in Vaccinium

    Examples of species studied

    Impatiens capensis
    Picea abies
    Ipomoea purpurea
    Blumeria graminis
    Carapa guianensis
    Arabidopsis thaliana
    Avena barbata
    Amsinckia spectabilis
    Pinus strobus
    Onoclea sensibilis
    Dryas integrifolia
    Clarkia tembloriensis
    Impatiens pallida
    Glycine clandestina
    Leavenworthia alabamica
    Caenorhabditis elegans
    Asclepias syriaca
    Camelina sativa


    88- The Evolutionary Forces Shaping Cis- and Trans-Regulation of Gene Expression within a Population of Outcrossing Plants
    Josephs E B , Lee Y W , Wood C W , Schoen D J , Wright S I , Stinchcombe J R ,
    2020 Molecular biology and evolution (Date Added: 2020-08-17)

    87- The ecology, evolution, and genetics of plant reproductive systems
    Schoen D J , Johnson M T J , Wright S I ,
    2019 New Phytologist (Date Added: 2019-10-30)

    86- Inbreeding depression is difficult to purge in self-incompatible populations of Leavenworthia alabamica
    Baldwin S J , Schoen D J ,
    2019 New Phytologist (Date Added: 2019-07-12)

    85- The unusual S locus of Leavenworthia is composed of two sets of paralogous loci
    Chantha S , Herman A C , Castric V , Vekemans X , Marande W , Schoen D J ,
    2017 New Phytologist (Date Added: 2017-09-30)

    84- Transitions from distyly to homostyly are associated with floral evolution in the buckwheat genus (Fagopyrum)
    Wu L , Wang B , Schoen D J , Huang S ,
    2017 American Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2017-09-04)

    83- The relationship between selection, network connectivity, and regulatory variation within a population of capsella grandiflora
    Josephs E B , Wright S I , Stinchcombe J R , Schoen D J ,
    2017 Genome Biology and Evolution (Date Added: 2017-08-14)

    82- Spontaneous mutation accumulation in daphnia pulex in selection-free vs. competitive environments
    Flynn J M , Chain F J , Schoen D J , Cristescu M E ,
    2017 Molecular Biology and Evolution (Date Added: 2017-03-21)

    80- Testing for heterosis in traits associated with seed yield in Camelina sativa
    Zelt N , Schoen D ,
    2016 Canadian Journal of Plant Science (Date Added: 2017-02-10)

    79- Recent selection for self-compatibility in a population of Leavenworthia alabamica
    Herman, AC, Schoen, DJ
    2016 Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution (Date Added: 2016-06-09)

    78- Selection of sporophytic and gametophytic self-incompatibility in the absence of a superlocus
    Schoen, DJ, Roda, MJ
    2016 Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution (Date Added: 2016-05-20)

    77- Mitigation of pollen limitation in the lowbush blueberry agroecosystem: effect of augmenting natural pollinators
    Fulton, M, Jesson, LK, Bobiwash, K, Schoen, DJ
    2015 Ecosphere (Date Added: 2015-12-14)

    76- Somatic deleterious mutation rate in a woody plant: estimation from phenotypic data
    Bobiwash, K, Schultz, ST, Schoen, DJ
    2013 Heredity (Date Added: 2013-12-05)

    75- Secondary evolution of a self-incompatibility locus in the Brassicaceae genus Leavenworthia
    Chantha, S-C, Herman, AC, Platts, AE, Vekemans, X, Schoen, DJ
    2013 PLoS Biol (Date Added: 2013-05-22)

    74- High diversity, low spatial structure and rapid pathotype evolution in Moroccan populations of Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei
    Jensen, HR, Dreiseitl, A, Sadiki, M, Schoen, DJ
    2013 European Journal of Plant Pathology (Date Added: 2013-05-15)

    73- A case study of seed exchange networks and gene flow for barley (Hordeum vulgare subsp. vulgare) in Morocco
    Jensen, H, Belqadi, L, De Santis, P, Sadiki, M, Jarvis, D, Schoen, D
    2013 Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution (Date Added: 2012-10-11)

    69- The Red Queen and the seed bank: pathogen resistance of ex situ and in situ conserved barley
    Jensen, HR, Dreiseitl, A, Sadiki, M, Schoen, DJ
    2011 Evolutionary Applications (Date Added: 2012-04-26)

    68- Demographic Signatures Accompanying the Evolution of Selfing in Leavenworthia Alabamica
    Busch, JW, Joly, S, Schoen, DJ
    2011 Molecular Biology and Evolution (Date Added: 2012-04-26)

    64- The evolution of self-incompatibility when mates are limiting
    Busch, JW, Schoen, DJ
    2008 Trends in Plant Science (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    63- On the evolution of self-fertilization in a metapopulation
    Schoen, DJ, Busch, JW
    2008 International Journal of Plant Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    62- Transgene escape monitoring, population genetics, and the law
    Schoen, DJ, Reichman, JR, Ellstrand, NC
    2008 BioScience (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    61- A global perspective of the richness and evenness of traditional crop-variety diversity maintained by farming communities
    Jarvis, DI, Brown, AHD, Pham, HC, Collado-Panduro, L, Latournerie-Moreno, L, Gyawali, S, Tanto, T, Sawadogo, M, Mar, I, Sadiki, M, Hue, NT-N, Arias-Reyes, L, Balma, D, Bajracharya, J, Castillo, F, Rijal, D, Belqadi, L, Rana, R, Saidi, S, Ouedraogo, J, Zangre, R, Rhrib, K, Chavez, JL, Schoen, D, Sthapit, B, De Santis, P, Fadda, C, Hodgkin, T
    2008 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    58- Low inbreeding and high pollen dispersal distances in populations of two Amazonian forest tree species
    Cloutier, D, Hardy, OJ, Caron, H, Ciampi, AY, Degen, B, Kanashiro, M, Schoen, DJ
    2007 Biotropica (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    57- Impact of selective logging on inbreeding and gene dispersal in an Amazonian tree population of Carapa guianensis Aubl.
    Cloutier, D, Kanashiro, M, Ciampi, AY, Schoen, DJ
    2007 Molecular Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    55- Retrotransposon sequence variation in four asexual plant species
    Docking, TR, Saadé, FE, Elliott, MC, Schoen, DJ
    2006 Journal of Molecular Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    53- MUSTANG is a novel family of domesticated transposase genes found in diverse angiosperms
    Cowan, RK, Hoen, DR, Schoen, DJ, Bureau, TE
    2005 Molecular Biology and Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    51- Genomic mutation in lines of Arabidopsis thaliana exposed to ultraviolet-B radiation
    MacKenzie, JL, Saadé, FE, Quang, HL, Bureau, TE, Schoen, DJ
    2005 Genetics (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    50- Chloroplast DNA variation of Carapa guianensis in the Amazon basin
    Cloutier, D, Póvoa, JSR, Procopio, LC, Leão, NVM, Wadt, LHDO, Ciampi, AY, Schoen, DJ
    2005 Silvae Genetica (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    49- Divergence and variation of quantitative traits between allozyme genotypes of Avena barbata from contrasting habitats
    Latta, RG, Mackenzie, JL, Vats, A, Schoen, DJ
    2004 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    48- Molecular evolution of the GapC gene family in Amsinckia spectabilis populations that differ in outcrossing rate
    Pérusse, JR, Schoen, DJ
    2004 Journal of Molecular Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    47- Somatic stability of microsatellite loci in Eastern white pine, Pinus strobus L.
    Cloutier, D, Rioux, D, Beaulieu, J, Schoen, DJ
    2003 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    46- Allelic Diversity Changes in 96 Canadian Oat Cultivars Released from 1886 to 2001
    Fu, Y-B, Peterson, GW, Scoles, G, Rossnagel, B, Schoen, DJ, Richards, KW
    2003 Crop Science (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    45- Frequency-Dependent Inbreeding Depression in Amsinckia
    Cheptou, P-O, Schoen, DJ
    2003 American Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    44- The cost of fluctuating inbreeding depression
    Cheptou, P-O, Schoen, DJ
    2002 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    43- Sequence evolution and copy number of Ty1-copia retrotransposons in diverse plant genomes
    Navarro-Quezada, A, Schoen, DJ
    2002 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    42- Mutation load in natural populations of the sensitive fern Onoclea sensibilis exposed to soil mutagens
    Schoen, DJ, Brownstein, JS, White, PA
    2002 Ecological Applications (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    41- The conservation of wild plant species in seed banks
    Schoen, DJ, Brown, AHD
    2001 BioScience (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    40- Population dynamics of an Ac-like transposable element in self- and cross-pollinating arabidopsis
    Wright, SI, Le, QH, Schoen, DJ, Bureau, TE
    2001 Genetics (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    39- MSTRAT: An algorithm for building germ plasm core collections by maximizing allelic or phenotypic richness
    Gouesnard, B, Bataillon, TM, Decoux, G, Rozale, C, Schoen, DJ, David, JL
    2001 Journal of Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    37- Molecular phylogeography of Dryas integrifolia: Glacial refugia and postglacial recolonization
    Tremblay, NO, Schoen, DJ
    1999 Molecular Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    36- Transposon dynamics and the breeding system
    Wright, SI, Schoen, DJ
    1999 Genetica (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    35- Deleterious mutation accumulation and the regeneration of genetic resources
    Schoen, DJ, David, JL, Bataillon, TM
    1998 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    34- Selection on reproductive characters: Floral morphology in Asclepias syriaca
    Morgan, MT, Schoen, DJ
    1997 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    33- The role of theory in an emerging new plant reproductive biology
    Morgan, MT, Schoen, DJ
    1997 Trends in Ecology and Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    32- The evolution of self-fertilization in perennials
    Morgan, MT, Schoen, DJ, Bataillon, TM
    1997 American Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    31- The cost of floral longevity in Clarkia tembloriensis: An experimental investigation
    Ashman, T-L, Schoen, DJ
    1997 Evolutionary Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    30- Evolutionary history of the mating system in Amsinckia (Boraginaceae)
    Schoen, DJ, Johnston, MO, L'Heureux, A-M, Marsolais, JV
    1997 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    29- How does self-pollination evolve? Inferences from floral ecology and molecular genetic variation
    Schoen, DJ, Morgan, MT, Bataillon, T
    1996 Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    26- Mutation rates and dominance levels of genes affecting total fitness in two angiosperm species
    Johnston, MO, Schoen, DJ
    1995 Science (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    25- The ecology and genetic of fitness in forest plants. IV.Quantitative genetics of fitness components in Impatiens pallida (Balsaminaceae)
    Schoen, DJ, Bell, G, Lechowicz, MJ
    1994 American Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    24- Optimal sampling strategies for core collections of plant genetic resources
    Brown, AHD, Schoen, DJ
    1994 Conservation genetics (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    23- How long should flowers live?
    Ashman, T-L, Schoen, DJ
    1994 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    22- A revised measure of association of gene diversity values
    Brown, AHD, Schoen, DJ
    1994 Hereditas (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    21- Conservation of allelic richness in wild crop relatives is aided by assessment of genetic markers
    Schoen, DJ, Brown, AHD
    1993 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    20- Self- and cross-fertilization in plants. I. Functional dimensions
    Lloyd, DG, Schoen, DJ
    1992 International Journal of Plant Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    19- Self- and cross-fertilization in plants. III. Methods for studying modes and functional aspects of self-fertilization
    Schoen, DJ, Lloyd, DG
    1992 International Journal of Plant Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    18- Intraspecific variation in population gene diversity and effective population size correlates with the mating system in plants
    Schoen, DJ, Brown, AHD
    1991 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    16- The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. III. Environmental variance in natural populations of Impatiens pallida
    Bell, G, Lechowicz, MJ, Schoen, DJ
    1991 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    15- The evolution of inflorescence size and number: a gamete-packaging strategy in plants
    Schoen, DJ, Dubuc, M
    1990 American Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    14- Spatial, temporal, amd species-specific patterns of heterogeneity in growth chamber experiments
    Potvin, C, Lechowicz, MJ, Bell, G, Schoen, D
    1990 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

    13- Self-fertilization rates in white spruce: Effect of pollen and seed production
    Denti, D, Schoen, DJ
    1988 Journal of Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    12- Environmental correlates of habitat distribution and fitness components in Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida
    Lechowicz, MJ, Schoen, DJ, Bell, G
    1988 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    11- Pattern of phenotypic viability and fecundity selection in a natural population of Impatiens pallida
    Stewart, SC, Schoen, DJ
    1987 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    10- Reproductive ways
    Schoen, DJ
    1987 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    9- Genetics of the polycross - 2. Male fertility variation in norway spruce, Picea abies (L.) Karst
    Schoen, DJ, Cheliak, WM
    1987 Theoretical and Applied Genetics (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    8- Variation in male reproductive investment and male reproductive success in white spruce.
    Schoen, DJ, Stewart, SC
    1986 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    7- Partitioning the transplant site effect in reciprocal transplant experiments with Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida
    Schoen, DJ, Stewart, SC, Lechowicz, MJ, Bell, G
    1986 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    5- The selection of cleistogamy and heteromorphic diaspores
    Schoen, DJ, Lloyd, DG
    1984 Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    4- Stem color and pleiotropy of genes determining flower color in the common morning glory
    Schoen, DJ, Giannasi, DE, Ennos, RA, Clegg, MT
    1984 Journal of Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    3- A calculator-assisted method of random sampling.
    Schoen, DJ, Fruchter, D
    1983 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    2- Male reproductive effort and breeding system in an hermaphroditic plant
    Schoen, DJ
    1982 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    1- An angiosperm analogue to megagametophyte analysis
    Schoen, DJ
    1979 Journal of Theoretical Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    In the media