David Green

McGill University

Redpath Museum
E-mail: david.m.green@mcgill.ca
Institution page


Ph.D. 1982. University of Guelph, Department of Zoology.
M.Sc. 1979. University of Guelph, Department of Zoology.
B.Sc.(hons) 1976. University of British Columbia, Department of Zoology


I employ evidence from biochemical and molecular genetic variation in frogs and toads to decipher the relationships of species, the structure of populations, and mechanisms of evolutionary change. My research centres on species ranges and boundaries and thus looks beyond traditional population-level approaches to understanding biodiversity origins and maintenance. By seeking to understand range edge populations more fully, my research program aims towards understanding the biology of extinctions, the persistence of populations, and the conservation of species.

Prizes and honours

  • Michael Rankin Distinguished Canadian Herpetologist Award for contributions to the study of amphibians and reptiles in Canada. Canadian Association of Herpetologists, 2008.
  • Fellow of the Linnaean Society of London. Elected 2007.
  • Blue Racer Award for long-standing contributions to the research and conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Canada, Canadian Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Network, 2007.
  • Douglas H. Pimlott Award for outstanding contributions to Canadian conservation, Nature Canada, 2006.

  • QCBS students

    Previous students (since 2009)

    Pablo Menendez

    (Start: 2014, End: 2019)
    Other QCBS (co-)supervisor: Jonathan Davies
    Understanding amphibian vulnerability to climate change: A phylogenetic and spatial approach

    David O'Connor

    (Start: 2011, End: 2018)
    Ecology and phylogeography of American Toads

    Trond Sigurdsen

    (Start: 2005, End: 2009)
    Evolutionary origins of modern amphibians

    Katharine Yagi

    (Start: 2012, End: 2016)
    Strategies of Dispersal in Pond Breeding Amphibians
    Personal page

    Morgan Boenke

    (Start: 2008, End: 2011)
    Terrestrial habitat and ecology of Fowler¿s toads, Anaxyrus fowleri.

    Dan Greenberg

    (Start: 2011, End: 2013)
    Population dynamics of a declining amphibian

    Jessica Middleton

    (Start: 2009, End: 2012)
    Population ecology of a declining amphibian in relation to density.

    Flavia Papini

    (Start: 2014, End: 2016)
    Social enhancement of reproduction in an endangered amphibian

    Marie-Pier Prairie

    (Start: 2005, End: 2009)
    Landscape ecology of an amphibian community

    Jean-Sebastien Roy

    (Start: 2006, End: 2009)
    Nuclear vs. cytoplasmic genetic variation in hybridizing toads

    Examples of species studied

    Leiopelma hochstetteri
    Rana dybowskii
    Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
    Leiopelma archeyi
    Dendrobates auratus
    Bufo fowleri
    Bufo americanus
    Rana pretiosa
    Desmognathus fuscus
    Anaxyrus fowleri
    Rana sylvatica
    Physalaemus pustulosus
    Dicamptodon tenebrosus
    Bufo hemiophrys
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    Desmognathus ochrophaeus


    82- Quantitative evidence for the effects of multiple drivers on continental-scale amphibian declines
    Grant, EHC, Miller, DAW, Schmidt, BR, Adams, MJ, Amburgey, SM, Chambert, T, Cruickshank, SS, Fisher, RN, Green, DM, Hossack, BR, Johnson, PTJ, Joseph, MB, Rittenhouse, TAG, Ryan, ME, Waddle, JH, Walls, SC, Bailey, LL, Fellers, GM, Gorman, TA, Ray, AM, Pilliod, DS, Price, SJ, Saenz, D, Sadinski, W, Muths, E
    2016 Scientific Reports (Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    81- Evidence for Sex Chromosome Turnover in Proteid Salamanders
    Sessions, SK, Bizjak Mali, L, Green, DM, Trifonov, V, Ferguson-Smith, M
    2016 Cytogenetic and Genome Research (Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    80- Springtime Emergence of Overwintering Toads,_Anaxyrus fowleri_, in Relation to Environmental Factors
    Green, T, Das, E, Green, DM
    2016 Copeia (Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    79- Implications of female body-size variation for the reproductive ecology of an anuran amphibian
    Green, DM
    2015 Ethology Ecology & Evolution (Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    78- Modeling cross-scale relationships between climate, hydrology, and individual animals: generating scenarios for stream salamanders
    Girard, P, Levison, J, Parrott, L, Larocque, M, Ouellet, M-A, Green, DM
    2015 Frontiers in Environmental Science (Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    77-Recovery of Endangered Fowler's Toad s in Ontario
    Green, DM
    2015 Report for 2015 Canadian Wildlife Service ( Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    76- Tracking toads using photo identification and image-recognition software
    Schoen, A, Boenke, M, Green, DM
    2015 Herpetological Review (Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    75- Color Pattern Variation in a Cryptic Amphibian,_Anaxyrus fowleri_
    Rabbani, M, Zacharczenko, B, Green, DM
    2015 Journal of Herpetology (Date Added: 2016-01-06)

    74- Adult Age-Structure Variability in an Amphibian in Relation to Population Decline
    Middleton, J, Green, DM
    2015 Herpetologica (Date Added: 2015-09-01)

    73- Effects of temperature and surface water availability on spatiotemporal dynamics of stream salamanders using pattern-oriented modelling
    Girard, P, Parrott, L, Caron, C-A, Green, DM
    2015 Ecological Modelling (Date Added: 2014-11-17)

    72-North American Amphibians: Distribution and Diversity
    Green, DM
    2014 ( Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    71- Conservation of herpetofauna in northern landscapes: Threats and challenges from a Canadian perspective
    Lesbarrères, D, Ashpole, SL, Bishop, CA, Blouin-Demers, G, Brooks, RJ, Echaubard, P, Govindarajulu, P, Green, DM, Hecnar, SJ, Herman, T, Houlahan, J, Litzgus, JD, Mazerolle, MJ, Paszkowski, CA, Rutherford, P, Schock, DM, Storey, KB, Lougheed, SC
    2014 Biological Conservation (Date Added: 2014-02-24)

    69- Body size varies with abundance, not climate, in an amphibian population
    Green, DM, Middleton, J
    2013 Ecography (Date Added: 2013-11-28)

    68- Effects of an Invasive Plant on Population Dynamics in Toads
    Greenberg, DA, Green, DM
    2013 Conservation Biology (Date Added: 2013-06-03)

    67- Did Triadobatrachus Jump? Morphology and Evolution of the Anuran Forelimb in Relation to Locomotion in Early Salientians
    Sigurdsen, T, Green, DM, Bishop, PJ
    2012 Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences (Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    66-Noms français standardisés des reptiles
    Blouin-Demers, G
    2012 Noms français standardisés des amphibiens et des reptiles d'Amérique du Nord au nord du Mexique ( Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    65- Oscillation of an Anuran Hybrid Zone: Morphological Evidence Spanning 50 Years
    Roy, J-S, O’Connor, D, Green, DM
    2012 PLoS ONE (Date Added: 2013-01-03)

    64- Reptiles as potential vectors and hosts of the amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Panama
    Kilburn, V, Ibáñez, R, Green, D
    2011 Diseases of Aquatic Organisms (Date Added: 2012-03-21)

    63- The origin of modern amphibians: a re-evaluation
    Sigurdsen, T, Green, DM
    2011 Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (Date Added: 2011-09-29)

    62- Ubiquity of the pathogenic chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, in Anuran communities in Panama
    Kilburn, VL, Ibanez, R, Sanjur, O, Bermingham, E, Suraci, JP, Green, DM
    2010 EcoHealth (Date Added: 2016-08-09)

    61- Science, Policy, and Species at Risk in Canada
    Mooers, AO, Doak, DF, Findlay, CS, Green, DM, Grouios, C, Manne, LL, Rashvand, A, Rudd, MA, Whitton, J
    2010 BioScience (Date Added: 2012-09-17)

    60- The complete mitochondrial genome of the relict frog Leiopelma archeyi : Insights into the root of the frog Tree of Life
    Irisarri, I, San Mauro, D, Green, DM, Zardoya, R
    2010 Mitochondrial DNA (Date Added: 2012-09-17)

    59- Does alkaloid sequestration protect the green poison frog, Dendrobates auratus, from predator attacks?
    Gray, HM, Kaiser, H, Green, DM
    2010 Salamandra (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    58- Phylogeography of Leiopelma hochstetteri reveals strong genetic structure and suggests new conservation priorities
    Fouquet, A, Green, DM, Waldman, B, Bowsher, JH, McBride, KP, Gemmell, NJ
    2010 Conservation Genetics (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    57-Acidification and its effects on amphibian populations
    Räsänen, K, Green, DM
    2009 Amphibian Biology ( Date Added: 2012-03-21)

    56-The future of amphibians
    Green, DM
    2009 The Rise of Amphibians ( Date Added: 2012-03-21)

    55- New distributional records of amphibians in quebec and labrador
    Markle, TM, Green, DM
    2009 Herpetological Review (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    54- Do landscape processes predict phylogeographic patterns in the wood frog?
    Lee-Yaw, JA, Davidson, A, McRae, BH, Green, DM
    2009 Molecular Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    53-Amphibians of the Nearctic Region
    Church, D, Green, DM, Hammerson, G, Mitchell, J, Parra Olea, G, Santos Barrerra, G
    2008 Threatened Amphibians of the World ( Date Added: 2012-03-21)

    52- Is The Amphibian Tree of Life really fatally flawed?
    Frost, DR, Grant, T, Faivovich, J, Bain, RH, Haas, A, Haddad, CFB, De Sa, RO, Channing, A, Wilkinson, M, Donnellan, SC, Raxworthy, CJ, Campbell, JA, Blotto, BL, Moler, P, Drewes, RC, Nussbaum, RA, Lynch, JD, Green, DM, Wheeler, WC
    2008 Cladistics (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    51- Postglacial range expansion from northern refugia by the wood frog, Rana sylvatica
    Lee-Yaw, JA, Irwin, JT, Green, DM
    2008 Molecular Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    50- Chytridiomycosis and amphibian population declines continue to spread eastward in panama
    Woodhams, DC, Kilburn, VL, Reinert, LK, Voyles, J, Medina, D, Ibáñez, R, Hyatt, AD, Boyle, DG, Pask, JD, Green, DM, Rollins-Smith, LA
    2008 EcoHealth (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    49- Hippocampus queenslandicus Horne, 2001 - A new seahorse species or yet another synonym?
    Teske, PR, Lourie, SA, Matthee, CA, Green, DM
    2007 Australian Journal of Zoology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    48- The amphibian tree of life
    Frost, DR, Grant, T, Faivovich, J, Bain, RH, Haas, A, Haddad, CFB, De Sá, RO, Channing, A, Wilkinson, M, Donnellan, SC, Raxworthy, CJ, Campbell, JA, Blotto, BL, Moler, P, Drewes, RC, Nussbaum, RA, Lynch, JD, Green, DM, Wheeler, WC
    2006 (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    47- Sex, isolation and fidelity: Unbiased long-distance dispersal in a terrestrial amphibian
    Smith, MA, Green, DM
    2006 Ecography (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    46- Thermal physiology and the origin of terrestriality in vertebrates
    Carroll, RL, Irwin, J, Green, DM
    2005 Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    44- Bilateral action for right whales [3] (multiple letters)
    Sayles, JS, Green, DM, Kraus, SD, Brown, MW, Clark, CW, Hamilton, PK, Kenney, RD, Knowlton, AR, Landry, S, Mayo, CA, McLellan, WA, Moore, MJ, Nowacek, DP, Pabst, DA, Read, AJ, Rolland, RM
    2005 Science (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    43- Dispersal, habitat differences, and comparative phylogeography of Southeast Asian seahorses (Syngnathidae: Hippocampus)
    Lourie, SA, Green, DM, Vincent, ACJ
    2005 Molecular Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    41- Designatable units for status assessment of endangered species
    Green, DM
    2005 Conservation Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    40- Structure and evolution of B chromosomes in amphibians
    Green, DM
    2004 Cytogenetic and Genome Research (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    39- Phylogeography of Bufo fowleri at its northern range limit
    Smith, MA, Green, DM
    2004 Molecular Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    37- The ecology of extinction: Population fluctuation and decline in amphibians
    Green, DM
    2003 Biological Conservation (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    36- Scientific and standard english names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico: Update
    Crother, BI, Boundy, J, Campbell, JA, De Quieroz, K, Frost, D, Green, DM, Highton, R, Iverson, JB, McDiarmid, RW, Meylan, PA, Reeder, TW, Seidel, ME, Sites Jr , JW, Tilley, SG, Wake, DB
    2003 Herpetological Review (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    35- Amphibian breeding and climate change: Importance of snow in the mountains
    Corn, PS, Blaustein, AR, Root, TL, Kiesecker, JM, Belden, LK, Olson, DH, Green, DM
    2003 Conservation Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    34- The habitability of Europa: A cautionary note
    Soare, RJ, Green, DM, Pollard, WH
    2002 Eos (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    32- Amphibian phenology and climate change (multiple letters)
    Beebee, TJC, Blaustein, AR, Root, TL, Kiesecker, JM, Belden, LK, Olson, DH, Green, DM
    2002 Conservation Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    31- Traumatic injuries in two neotropical frogs, Dendrobates auratus and Physalaemus pustulosus
    Gray, HM, Ouellet, M, Green, DM, Rand, AS
    2002 Journal of Herpetology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    30- Anura: Frogs
    Frost, DR, McDiarmid, RW, Mendelson, JR, Green, DM
    2001 Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico : with comments regarding confidence in our understanding (Date Added: 2012-09-17)

    29- Keeping the frogs still: Orajel® is a safe anesthetic in amphibian photography
    Kaiser, H, Green, DM
    2001 Herpetological Review (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    28- Dart shooting influences paternal reproductive success in the snail Helix aspersa (Pulmonata, Stylommatophora)
    Landolfa, MA, Green, DM, Chase, R
    2001 Behavioral Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    27- Amphibian breeding and climate change
    Blaustein, AR, Belden, LK, Olson, DH, Green, DM, Root, TL, Kiesecker, JM
    2001 Conservation Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    26- Recovery and enhancement of faded cleared and double stained specimens
    Philip, NS, Green, DM
    2000 Biotechnic and Histochemistry (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    25- Structure and evolution of supernumerary chromosomes in the Pacific giant salamander, Dicamptodon tenebrosus
    Brinkman, JN, Sessions, SK, Houben, A, Green, DM
    2000 Chromosome Research (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    24- Ichthyophonus-like infection in wild amphibians from Quebec, Canada
    Mikaelian, I, Ouellet, M, Pauli, B, Rodrigue, J, Harshbarger, JC, Green, DM
    2000 Diseases of Aquatic Organisms (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    23- Origins of the frog-kick? Alternate-leg swimming in primitive frogs, families leiopelmatidae and ascaphidae
    Abourachid, A, Green, DM
    1999 Journal of Herpetology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    22- B-chromosome origin in the endemic New Zealand frog Leiopelma hochstetteri through sex chromosome devolution
    Sharbel, TF, Green, DM, Houben, A
    1998 Genome (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    21- Skeletochronology and geographic variation in age structure in the wood frog, Rana sylvatica
    Sagor', ES, Quellet, M, Barten, E, Green, DM
    1998 Journal of Herpetology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    20- Validation tests of an amphibian call count survey technique in Ontario, Canada
    Shirose, LJ, Bishop, CA, Green, DM, Macdonald, CJ, Brooks, RJ, Helferty, NJ
    1997 Herpetologica (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    19- Cryptic species of spotted frogs, Rana pretiosa complex, in western North America
    Green, DM, Kaiser, H, Sharbel, TF, Kearsley, J, Mcallister, KR
    1997 Copeia (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    17- Postglacial range fluctuation, genetic subdivision and speciation in the Western North American spotted frog complex, rana pretiosa
    Green, DM, Sharbel, TF, Kearsley, J, Kaiser, H
    1996 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    16- The bounds of species: Hybridization in the Bufo Americanus group of north American toads
    Green, DM
    1996 Israel Journal of Zoology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    15- Sex and the spread of retrotransposon Ty3 in experimental populations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    Zeyl, C, Bell, G, Green, DM
    1996 Genetics (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    11- Chiasma frequency in frogs of the genus Leiopelma (Amphibia; Anura) and a test of the hypothesis of inducible recombination
    Chandler, M, Green, DM, Taylor, A, Zeyl, CW, Sharbel, TF
    1993 Hereditas (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    9- Chaos, fractals and nonlinear dynamics in evolution and phylogeny
    Green, DM
    1991 Trends in Ecology and Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    8- Distribution and abundance of Hochstetter's frog, Leiopelma hochstetteri
    Green, DM, Tessier, C
    1990 Journal - Royal Society of New Zealand (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    7- Muller's ratchet and the evolution of supernumerary chromosomes
    Green, DM
    1990 Genome (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    6- Homeostatic potassium excretion in fed and fasted sheep
    Rabinowitz, L, Green, DM, Sarason, RL, Yamauchi, H
    1988 American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    4- Antipredator behaviour and skin glands in the New Zealand native frogs, genus Leiopelma
    Green, DM
    1988 New Zealand Journal of Zoology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    2- CHROMPAC III: An improved package for microcomputer-assisted analysis of karyotypes
    Green, DM, Myers, PZ, Reyna, DL
    1984 Journal of Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-20)