Graham Bell

Associate Professor,
McGill University

Department of Biology
E-mail: graham.bell@mcgill.ca
Institution page




Education

1967-1970: Undergraduate at St. Peter's College, Oxford.
1968: Domus Exhibition at St. Peter's College, Oxford.
1969: Domus Scholarship at St. Peter's College, Oxford.
1970: Christopher Welch Scholarship from the University of Oxford
1970-1974: Graduate student at St. Peter's College, Oxford.
1973: Research Fellowship for postdoctoral research, from the National Environment Research Council.
1974-1975: Postdoctoral Fellow (NERC), University of York, England.


Research

Major Research Themes:

Adaptive radiation
A population living in a complex environment might undergo adaptive radiation into a wide range of narrowly specialized types, or it might evolve as a few broad generalists. We performed a series of experiments using the bacterium Pseudomonas to investigate how specialization or generalization evolve.

Sex & sexual selection
The evolution of sex is one of the most fascinating problems in biology. I have written two books on the topic.

Adaptation to elevated CO2
One of the direct consequences of industrial activity is an increase in the CO2 concentration of the air. This affects plant growth and may have important ecological consequences. We have investigated how phytoplankton populations evolve in response to elevated CO2 levels in the atmosphere.

Yeast population structure
Baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is widely used as a laboratory model system. We have been studying its nearest wild relatives, S. paradoxus and S. cariocanus, in order to be able to use powerful yeast biotechnology to study natural populations

Plant species diversity
McGill has a research station in old-growth forest only 40 km from Montreal. I have conducted large-scale surveys and experiments there to investigate how species diversity is affected by environmental heterogeneity.

Neutral theory of biodiversity
The neutral theory of biodiversity states that major patterns in the distribution and abundance of ecologically similar organisms can be explained in a very simple way, by supposing that all individuals have the same probabilities of birth and death. This is sufficient to generate abundance distributions, species-area curves and range-abundance relationships closely resembling those of natural communities.

Antibiotic resistance
The evolution of resistance to antibiotics is one of the most serious problems in developing effective medical therapies. We have shown that resistance to a novel class of antibiotics, antimicrobial peptides, readily evolves in the laboratory, despite claims that it would not.

QCBS students

Mark Davidson Jewell

Ph.D.
(Start: 2017, End: 2021)
Eco-evolutionary dynamics in floating aquatic plant communities
Personal page

Previous students (since 2009)

Etienne Low-Decarie

Ph.D.
(Start: 2007, End: 2013)
Other QCBS (co-)supervisor: Gregor Fussmann
Ecological and Evolutionary Response of Phytoplankton to Rising Atmospheric CO2
Personal page

Samani Pedram

Ph.D.
(Start: 2010, End: 2015)
Evolutionary genomics of wild yeast

Josianne Lachapelle

M.Sc.
(Start: 2010, End: 2013)
Evolutionary rescue in experimental populations of yeast

Chase Moser

M.Sc.
(Start: 2008, End: 2010)
Adaptation of algae to high stress

Examples of species studied

Chlamydomonas
Impatiens capensis
Saccharomyces
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Leptonychotes weddellii
Pygoscelis papua
Impatiens pallida
Balsaminaceae
Chlorophyta
Volvox
Daphnia pulex
Saccharomyces paradoxus
Drosophila melanogaster
Pseudomonas
Saccharomyces cerevisiae


Publications

154- Community rescue in experimental phytoplankton communities facing severe herbicide pollution
Journal Article
Fugère, V, Hébert, M-P, da Costa, NB, Xu, CCY, Barrett, RDH, Beisner, BE, Bell, G, Fussmann, GF, Shapiro, BJ, Yargeau, V, Gonzalez, A
2020 Nature Ecology and Evolution (Date Added: 2020-03-24)

153- Patterns of population structure and complex haplotype sharing among field isolates of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Journal Article
Craig R J , Böndel K B , Arakawa K , Nakada T , Ito T , Bell G , Colegrave N , Keightley P D , Ness R W ,
2019 Molecular ecology (Date Added: 2019-10-08)

152- Trophic structure modulates community rescue following acidification
Journal Article
Bell, G, Fugère, V, Barrett, R, Beisner, B, Cristescu, M, Fussmann, G, Shapiro, J, Gonzalez, A
2019 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Date Added: 2019-06-25)

151- Evolution-proof Antibiotics: Response to Uecker
Journal Article
Bell G , MacLean C ,
2018 Trends in Microbiology (Date Added: 2018-11-30)

150- The Search for ‘Evolution-Proof’ Antibiotics
Journal Article
Bell G , MacLean C ,
2018 Trends in Microbiology (Date Added: 2018-05-23)

149- Evolutionary Rescue
Book Article
Bell G ,
2017 Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics (Date Added: 2017-12-02)

148- The effect of selection history on extinction risk during severe environmental change
Journal Article
Lachapelle J , Colegrave N , Bell G ,
2017 Journal of Evolutionary Biology (Date Added: 2017-10-17)

147- Trophic dynamics of a simple model ecosystem
Journal Article
Bell G , Fortier-Dubois ,
2017 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Date Added: 2017-10-01)

146- Communities that thrive in extreme conditions captured from a freshwater lake
Journal Article
Low-Decarie, E, Fussmann, GF, Dumbrell, AJ, Bell, G
2016 Biology Letters (Date Added: 2016-11-18)

145- Experimental evolution of the grain of metabolic specialization in yeast
Journal Article
Samani, P&B
2016 Ecology and Evolution (Date Added: 2016-06-21)

143- Speciation driven by hybridization and chromosomal plasticity in a wild yeast
Journal Article
Jean-Baptiste Leducq, LN-T
2016 Nature Microbiology (Date Added: 2016-06-21)

142- The Evolution of Life
Book Whole
Bell, GA
2015 (Date Added: 2016-08-10)

141- Experimental adaptation to marine conditions by a freshwater alga
Journal Article
Lachapelle, J, Bell, G, Colegrave, N
2015 Evolution (Date Added: 2016-06-22)

140- Metabolic variation in natural populations of wild yeast
Journal Article
Samani, P, Low-Decarie, E, Mckelvey, K, Bell T , Burt, A, Koufopanou, V, Bell, G
2015 Ecology and Evolution (Date Added: 2016-06-22)

139- Experimental macroevolution
Journal Article
Bell, G
2015 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Date Added: 2016-06-21)

138- Community rescue in experimental metacommunities
Journal Article
Low-Décarie, E, Kolber, M, Homme, P, Lofano, A, Dumbrell, A, Gonzalez, A, Bell, G
2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Date Added: 2016-06-21)

137- A commentary on ‘Hybridization of Darwin’s finches on Isla Daphne Major, Galapagos’ (Grant 1993)
Journal Article
Bell, G
2014 Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences (Date Added: 2016-07-04)

136- Local climatic adaptation in a widespread microorganism
Journal Article
Leducq, J-B
2014 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Date Added: 2016-06-22)

135- CO2 alters community composition and response to nutrient enrichment of freshwater phytoplankton
Journal Article
Low-Décarie, E, Bell, G, Fussmann, GF
2014 Oecologia (Date Added: 2014-12-15)

134- Aquatic primary production in a high-CO2 world
Journal Article
Low-Décarie, E, Fussmann, GF, Bell, G
2014 Trends in Ecology & Evolution (Date Added: 2014-03-24)

133-Responses to selection: experimental populations
Book Chapter
Bell, G
2013 Princeton guide to evolution ( Date Added: 2018-04-06)

132- Long-term culture at elevated atmospheric CO2 fails to evoke specific adaptation in seven freshwater phytoplankton species
Journal Article
Low-Decarie, E, Jewell, MD, Fussmann, GF, Bell, G
2013 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Date Added: 2013-09-23)

131- The phylogenetic interpretation of biological surveys
Journal Article
Bell, G
2013 Oikos (Date Added: 2013-09-03)

130- The incidental response to uniform natural selection
Journal Article
Bell, G
2013 Biology Letters (Date Added: 2013-08-08)

129- Evolutionary rescue and the limits of adaptation
Journal Article
Bell, G
2013 Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences (Date Added: 2012-12-03)

128- Evolutionary rescue and adaptation to abrupt environmental change depends upon the history of stress
Journal Article
Gonzalez, A, Bell, G
2013 Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences (Date Added: 2012-12-03)

127- Evolutionary rescue of a green alga kept in the dark
Journal Article
Bell, G
2012 Biology Letters (Date Added: 2013-01-17)

126- Evolutionary Rescue Of Sexual And Asexual Populations In A Deteriorating Environment
Journal Article
Lachapelle, J, Bell, G
2012 Evolution (Date Added: 2012-09-25)

125- Experimental evolution of heterotrophy in a green alga
Journal Article
Bell, G
2012 Evolution (Date Added: 2012-09-25)

124- The effect of elevated CO2 on growth and competition in experimental phytoplankton communities
Journal Article
Low-DéCarie, E, Fussmann, GF, Bell, G
2011 Global Change Biology (Date Added: 2011-07-25)

123- Adaptation and Evolutionary Rescue in Metapopulations Experiencing Environmental Deterioration
Journal Article
Bell, G, Gonzalez, A
2011 Science (Date Added: 2011-07-04)

122- Genetic correlation in relation to differences in dosage of a stressor
Journal Article
Moser, C, Bell, G
2011 Journal of Evolutionary Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

121- Adaptation of experimental yeast populations to stressful conditions in relation to population size
Journal Article
Samani, P, Bell, G
2010 Journal of Evolutionary Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

120- Equipment and monitoring for paediatric anaesthesia
Journal Article
Bell, G, Limb, J
2009 Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

119- The oligogenic view of adaptation
Book Whole
Bell, G
2009 (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

117- Evolutionary rescue can prevent extinction following environmental change
Journal Article
Bell, G, Gonzalez, A
2009 Ecology Letters (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

116- Selection
Book Whole
Bell, G
2008 (Date Added: 2012-09-12)

115- Saccharomyces sensu stricto as a model system for evolution and ecology
Journal Article
Replansky, T, Koufopanou, V, Greig, D, Bell, G
2008 Trends in Ecology and Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

114- Parallel evolution of multidrug-resistance in Salmonella enterica isolated from swine
Journal Article
Perron, GG, Bell, G, Quessy, S
2008 FEMS Microbiology Letters (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

113- Experimental evolution
Journal Article
Bell, G
2008 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

112- A reservoir of drug-resistant pathogenic bacteria in asymptomatic hosts
Journal Article
Perron, GG, Quessy, S, Bell, G
2008 PLoS ONE (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

111- Increased outbreeding in yeast in response to dispersal by an insect vector
Journal Article
Reuter, M, Bell, G, Greig, D
2007 Current Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

110- Genotypic diversity and antimicrobial resistance in asymptomatic Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT104
Journal Article
Perron, GG, Quessy, S, Letellier, A, Bell, G
2007 Infection, Genetics and Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

109- The evolution of trophic structure
Journal Article
Bell, G
2007 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

108- Mutations of intermediate effect are responsible for adaptation in evolving Pseudomonas fluorescens populations
Journal Article
Barrett, RDH, Craig MacLean, R, Bell, G
2006 Biology Letters (Date Added: 2013-09-04)

107- The dynamics of diversification in evolving pseudomonas populations
Journal Article
Barrett, RDH, Bell, G
2006 Evolution (Date Added: 2013-09-04)

106- Erratum
Journal Article
Barrett, R, MacLean, R, Bell, G
2006 The American Naturalist (Date Added: 2013-09-04)

105- The comparative evidence relating to functional and neutral interpretations of biological communities
Journal Article
Bell, G, Lechowicz, MJ, Waterway, MJ
2006 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

104- The ecology and genetics of fitness in Chlamydomonas. XIII. Fitness of long-term sexual and asexual populations in benign environments
Journal Article
Renaut, S, Replansky, T, Heppleston, A, Bell, G
2006 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

103- Rewinding the tape: Selection of algae adapted to high CO2 at current and pleistocene levels of CO2
Journal Article
Collins, S, Sültemeyer, D, Bell, G
2006 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

102- Experimental evolution of resistance to an antimicrobial peptide.
Journal Article
Perron, GG, Zasloff, M, Bell, G
2006 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

101- The spatial scale of genetic differentiation in a model organism: The wild yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus
Journal Article
Koufopanou, V, Hughes, J, Bell, G, Burt, A
2006 Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

100- Evolution of natural algal populations at elevated CO2
Journal Article
Collins, S, Bell, G
2006 Ecology Letters (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

99- Changes in C uptake in populations of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii selected at high CO2
Journal Article
Collins, S, Sültemeyer, D, Bell, G
2006 Plant, Cell and Environment (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

98- Experimental Evolution of Pseudomonas fluorescens in Simple and Complex Environments
Journal Article
Barrett, R, MacLean, R, Bell, G
2005 The American Naturalist (Date Added: 2013-09-04)

97- The evolution of evolution
Journal Article
Bell, G
2005 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

96- Resource competition and adaptive radiation in a microbial microcosm
Journal Article
MacLean, RC, Dickson, A, Bell, G
2005 Ecology Letters (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

95- Experimental sexual selection in Chlamydomonas
Journal Article
Bell, G
2005 Journal of Evolutionary Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

94- Better suggestions for growing the EDA pie
Journal Article
Bell, G
2005 Electronic Engineering Times (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

93- A binary approach to complex SoC design verification mixed-signal
Journal Article
Bell, G
2005 Water Well Journal (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

92- Global mapping of the yeast genetic interaction network
Journal Article
Tong, AHY, Lesage, G, Bader, GD, Ding, H, Xu, H, Xin, X, Young, J, Berriz, GF, Brost, RL, Chang, M, Chen, YQ, Cheng, X, Chua, G, Friesen, H, Goldberg, DS, Haynes, J, Humphries, C, He, G, Hussein, S, Ke, L, Krogan, N, Li, Z, Levinson, JN, Lu, H, Menard, P, Munyana, C, Parsons, AB, Ryan, O, Tonikian, R, Roberts, T, Sdicu, A-M, Shapiro, J, Sheikh, B, Suter, B, Wong, SL, Zhang, LV, Zhu, H, Burd, CG, Munro, S, Sander, C, Rine, J, Greenblatt, J, Peter, M, Bretscher, A, Bell, G, Roth, FP, Brown, GW, Andrews, B, Bussey, H, Boone, C
2004 Science (New York, N.Y.) (Date Added: 2017-02-16)

91- The evolution of a pleiotropic fitness tradeoff in Pseudomonas fluorescens
Journal Article
MacLean, RC, Bell, G, Rainey, PB
2004 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

90- Use of RNAi to examine gene function in Drosophila melanogaster
Journal Article
Miah, A, Elaswarapu, R, Cooper, M, Bell, G, Sinka, R, Glover, D
2004 American Biotechnology Laboratory (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

89- Phenotypic consequences of 1,000 generations of selection at elevated CO2 in a green alga
Journal Article
Collins, S, Bell, G
2004 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

88- Concerns regarding resistance to self-proteins (multiple letters)
Journal Article
Hancock, REW, Bell, G
2003 Microbiology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

87- Arming the enemy: The evolution of resistance to self-proteins
Journal Article
Bell, G, Gouyon, P-H
2003 Microbiology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

86- An experimental test of local adaptation in soil bacteria
Journal Article
Belotte, D, Curien, J-B, Maclean, RC, Bell, G
2003 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

85- Modeling macroscopic patterns in ecology [2] (multiple letters)
Journal Article
Enquist, BJ, Sanderson, J, Weiser, MD, Bell, G
2002 Science (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

84- Experimental adaptive radiation in Pseudomonas
Journal Article
MacLean, RC, Bell, G
2002 American Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

81- Macroevolution simulated with autonomously replicating computer programs
Journal Article
Yedid, G, Bell, G
2002 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

80- Neutral macroecology
Journal Article
Bell, G
2001 Science (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

79- Microevolution in an electronic microcosm
Journal Article
Yedid, G, Bell, G
2001 American Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

78- Variation in growth rate in a natural assemblage of unicellular green soil algae
Journal Article
Koelewijn, HP, De La Guerie, P, Bell, G
2001 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

77- The seed bank in an old-growth, temperate deciduous forest
Journal Article
Leckie, S, Vellend, M, Bell, G, Waterway, MJ, Lechowicz, MJ
2000 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

76- Environmental heterogeneity and species diversity of forest sedges
Journal Article
Bell, G, Lechowicz, MJ, Waterway, MJ
2000 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

74- Sensory research supporting Australian Pork Exports to Singapore
Journal Article
Bell, GA
2000 Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

73- Environmental heterogeneity and the spatial structure of fern species diversity in one hectare of old-growth forest
Journal Article
Richard, M, Bernhardt, T, Bell, G
2000 Ecography (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

72- Diversity peaks at intermediate productivity in a laboratory microcosm
Journal Article
Kassen, R, Buckling, A, Bell, G, Ralney, PB
2000 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

70- The distribution of abundance in neutral communities
Journal Article
Bell, G
2000 American Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

69- Disturbance and diversity in experimental microcosms
Journal Article
Buckling, A, Kassen, R, Bell, G, Rainey, PB
2000 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

68- Electronic noses: Prospects for applications in Australian industry
Journal Article
Levy, DC, Barnett, DA, Bell, GA
1998 International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Electronic Systems, Proceedings, KES (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

67- Experimental evolution in Chlamydomonas. IV. Selection in environments that vary through time at different scales
Journal Article
Kassen, R, Bell, G
1998 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

66- Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddellii) feeding on gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua)
Journal Article
Cobley, ND, Bell, G
1998 Marine Mammal Science (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

65- Cross-cultural comparisons of Japanese and Australian responses to manipulations of sourness, saltiness and bitterness in foods
Journal Article
Prescott, J, Bell, GA, Gillmore, R, Yoshida, M, O'Sullivan, M, Korac, S, Allen, S, Yamazaki, K
1998 Food Quality and Preference (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

64-The basics of selection
Book Whole
Bell, G, Bell, G
1997 ( Date Added: 2012-09-12)

63- The evolution of the life cycle of brown seaweeds
Journal Article
Bell, G
1997 Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

61- Experimental evolution in Chlamydomonas II. Genetic variation in strongly contrasted environments
Journal Article
Bell, G, Reboud, X
1997 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

60- Detection and discrimination of propionic acid after removal of its 2- DG identified major focus in the olfactory bulb: A psychophysical analysis
Journal Article
Slotnick, BM, Bell, GA, Panhuber, H, Laing, DG
1997 Brain Research (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

59- The advantage of sex in evolving yeast populations
Journal Article
Zeyl, C, Bell, G
1997 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

58- Size and complexity among multicellular organisms
Journal Article
Bell, G, Mooers, AO
1997 Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

57- Experimental evolution in Chlamydomonas. I. Short-term selection in uniform and diverse environments
Journal Article
Bell, GAC
1997 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

56- Cross-cultural comparisons of Japanese and Australian responses to manipulations of sweetness in foods
Journal Article
Prescott, J, Bell, GA, Gillmore, R, Yoshida, M, O'Sullivan, M, Korac, S, Allen, S, Yamazaki, K
1997 Food Quality and Preference (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

55- Sex and the spread of retrotransposon Ty3 in experimental populations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Journal Article
Zeyl, C, Bell, G, Green, DM
1996 Genetics (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

54- Symbiotic DNA in eukaryotic genomes
Journal Article
Zeyl, C, Bell, G
1996 Trends in Ecology and Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

53- Molecular mechanisms of olfactory perception: Their potential for future technologies
Journal Article
Bell, GA
1996 Trends in Food Science and Technology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

51- Cross-cultural determinants of food acceptability: Recent research on sensory perceptions and preferences
Journal Article
Prescott, J, Bell, G
1995 Trends in Food Science and Technology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

50- The ecology and genetic of fitness in forest plants. IV.Quantitative genetics of fitness components in Impatiens pallida (Balsaminaceae)
Journal Article
Schoen, DJ, Bell, G, Lechowicz, MJ
1994 American Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

49- Isolation of four new strains of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Chlorophyta) from soil samples
Journal Article
Sack, L, Zeyl, C, Bell, G, Sharbel, T, Reboud, X, Bernhardt, T, Koelewyn, H
1994 Journal of Phycology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

48- Transposon abundance in sexual and asexual populations of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Journal Article
Zeyl, C, Bell, G, da Silva, J
1994 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

47- Changes in metabolic activity in the hyperstriatum of the chick before and after hatching
Journal Article
Rogers, LJ, Bell, GA
1994 International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

46- The spatial structure of the physical environment
Journal Article
Bell, G, Lechowicz, MJ, Appenzeller, A, Chandler, M, DeBlois, E, Jackson, L, Mackenzie, B, Preziosi, R, Schallenberg, M, Tinker, N
1993 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

45- Pathogen evolution within host individuals as a primary cause of senescence
Journal Article
Bell, G
1993 Genetica (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

44- The sexual nature of the eukaryote genome
Journal Article
Bell, G
1993 Journal of Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

42- Hedonic responses to taste solutions: A cross-cultural study of Japanese and Australians
Journal Article
Prescott, J, Laing, D, Bell, G, Yoshida, M, Gillmore, R, Allen, S, Yamazaki, K, Ishii, R
1992 Chemical Senses (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

41- Sources of variance in protein heterozygosity: the importance of the species-protein interaction.
Journal Article
da Silva, J, Bell, G, Burt, A
1992 Heredity (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

40- Metabolic activity in the hyperstriatum of 2-day-old chicks during optomotor and contrasting visual stimulation
Journal Article
Bell, GA, Rogers, LJ
1992 Behavioural Brain Research (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

39- The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. III. Environmental variance in natural populations of Impatiens pallida
Journal Article
Bell, G, Lechowicz, MJ, Schoen, DJ
1991 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

38- The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. II. Microspatial heterogeneity of the edaphic environment
Journal Article
Lechowicz, MJ, Bell, G
1991 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

37- The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. I. Environmental heterogeneity measured by explant trials
Journal Article
Bell, G, Lechowicz, MJ
1991 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

35- The comparative biology of parasite species diversity: internal helminths of freshwater fish
Journal Article
Bell, G, Burt, A
1991 Journal of Animal Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

34- The architecture of the life cycle in small organisms
Journal Article
Bell, G, Koufopanou, V
1991 Philosophical Transactions - Royal Society of London, B (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

32- Seed reproduction is associated with a transient escape from parasite damage in American beech
Journal Article
Burt, A, Bell, G
1991 Oikos (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

31- Developmental mutants of Volvox: does mutation recreate the patterns of phylogenetic diversity?
Journal Article
Koufopanou, V, Bell, G
1991 Evolution (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

30- Spatial, temporal, amd species-specific patterns of heterogeneity in growth chamber experiments
Journal Article
Potvin, C, Lechowicz, MJ, Bell, G, Schoen, D
1990 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

29- The ecology and genetics of fitness in Chlamydomonas. I. Genotype-by-environment interaction among pure strains
Journal Article
Bell, G
1990 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

28- The ecology and genetics of fitness in Chlamydomonas. II. The properties of mixtures of strains
Journal Article
Bell, G
1990 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

27- The small-scale spatial distribution of male and female plants
Journal Article
Iglesias, MC, Bell, G
1989 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

26- Odor-induced metabolic activity in the olfactory bulb of rats trained to detect propionic acid vapor
Journal Article
Slotnick, BM, Panhuber, H, Bell, GA, Laing, DG
1989 Brain Research (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

25- Different rates of functional development in the two visual systems of the chicken revealed by [14C]2-deoxyglucose
Journal Article
Rogers, LJ, Bell, GA
1989 Developmental Brain Research (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

24- A comparative method
Journal Article
Bell, G
1989 American Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

23- Environmental correlates of habitat distribution and fitness components in Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida
Journal Article
Lechowicz, MJ, Schoen, DJ, Bell, G
1988 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

22- Short-term selection for recombination among mutually antagonistic species
Journal Article
Bell, G, Smith, JM
1988 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

21- Red Queen versus Tangled Bank models [12]
Journal Article
Burt, A, Bell, G
1987 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

20- Odor detection in rats with lesions of olfactory bulb areas identified using 2-DG
Journal Article
Slotnick, BM, Graham, S, Laing, DG, Bell, GA
1987 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

19- Mammalian chiasma frequencies as a test of two theories of recombination
Journal Article
Burt, A, Bell, G
1987 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

18- Early-stage processing of odor mixtures
Journal Article
Bell, GA, Laing, DG, Panhuber, H
1987 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

17- Detection of propionic acid vapor by rats with lesions of olfactory bulb areas associated with high 2-DG uptake
Journal Article
Slotnick, BM, Graham, S, Laing, DG, Bell, GA
1987 Brain Research (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

16- Partitioning the transplant site effect in reciprocal transplant experiments with Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida
Journal Article
Schoen, DJ, Stewart, SC, Lechowicz, MJ, Bell, G
1986 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

15- The evolution of empty flowers
Journal Article
Bell, G
1986 Journal of Theoretical Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

14- Taylor's power law as a consequence of Fretwell's ideal free distribution
Journal Article
Gillis, DM, Kramer, DL, Bell, G
1986 Journal of Theoretical Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

13- Partial preference of insects for the male flowers of an annual herb
Journal Article
Bell, G, Lefebvre, L, Giraldeau, L-A, Weary, D
1984 Oecologia (Date Added: 2012-03-07)

12- Measuring the cost of reproduction - IV. Predation experiments with Daphnia pulex
Journal Article
Koufopanou, V, Bell, G
1984 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

11- Evolutionary and nonevolutionary theories of senescence.
Journal Article
Bell, G
1984 American Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

10- Olfactory mitral cell integrity after freeze-fixation
Journal Article
Bell, GA, Mellor, JD
1984 Neuroscience Letters (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

7- DENSITY STANDARDS - THE DENSITY AND THERMAL DILATATION OF WATER.
Conference Article
Bell, GA, Patterson, JB
1984 National Bureau of Standards, Special Publication (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

5- The effects of colchicine and vinblastine on memory in chicks
Journal Article
Bell, GA, Morgan, IG
1981 Behavioural Brain Research (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

4- Interhemispheric engram transfer in chick
Journal Article
Bell, GA, Gibbs, ME
1979 Neuroscience Letters (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

3- The evolution of anisogamy
Journal Article
Bell, G
1978 Journal of Theoretical Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

2- U-shaped gene frequency distributions
Journal Article
Bell, G
1977 Nature (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

1- Unilateral storage of monocular engram in day old chick
Journal Article
Bell, GA, Gibbs, ME
1977 Brain Research (Date Added: 2011-04-08)