Terry Wheeler

Associate Professor,
McGill University

Department of Natural Resource Sciences
Macdonald Campus
21,111 Lakeshore Road
Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, H9X 3V9
Tel: (514) 398-7937
E-mail: terry.wheeler@mcgill.ca
Institution page



Education
  • Postdoctorat, Carleton University, 1993
  • Ph. D., U. de Guelph, 1991
  • Maîtrise, U. de Guelph, 1987
  • Baccalauréat, U. Memorial de Terre-Neuve, 1985


  • Research
  • Systematics and zoogeography of Diptera, especially Chloropidae
  • Insect biodiversity and zoogeography in grasslands

  • The core of my current research program is the systematics of the fly family Chloropidae, a cosmopolitan family of Diptera with over 2000 described species (and many undescribed species). Chloropids are species-rich and abundant in most terrestrial habitats, especially in open grasslands, wetlands and riparian areas and occupy a broader range of ecological roles than almost any other family of flies. The family also includes pests of cereal crops and vectors of livestock and human diseases. My ongoing systematic research on Chloropidae provides keys and descriptions to facilitate identification of these common flies. This research will also help to construct a phylogenetic framework within which hypotheses on the evolution, ecology and biogeography of Chloropidae can be tested. As an extension of my systematic work I am also involved in large-scale projects to document the diversity of Diptera in particular regions or habitats. Two such projects include the Biological Survey of Canada’s ongoing project on Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands and an inventory of the Chloropidae and selected other acalyptrate Diptera of Costa Rica in conjunction with the Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica).

    On a broader scale, I am involved in studies of the systematics and biodiversity of other families of Diptera. My graduate students and undergraduate project students have conducted research projects on the families Lauxaniidae, Agromyzidae, Asteiidae, Muscidae, Dolichopodidae, Sarcophagidae and Cecidomyiidae.

    The information gained from systematic research provides the necessary tools to conduct species-level inventory work and ecological analyses of Diptera in selected habitats. Students in my lab have studied the higher Diptera associated with xeric northern grasslands, tallgrass prairies,

    QCBS students
    Previous students (since 2009)
    Laura Timms, Postdoctoral fellow
    (Start: 2011, End: 2013)
    Thesis title: Ecological structure of arctic Ichneumonidae
    Christopher Borkent, Ph.D.
    (Start: 2006, End: 2012)

    Thesis title: Systematics of Leptomorphus and phylogeny of Sciophilini (Mycetophilidae: Diptera)
    Amélie Grégoire Taillefer, Ph.D.
    (Start: 2012, End: 2016)

    Thesis title: Phylogenetic and taxonomic community structure: Diptera assemblages from wetlands
    Christine Barrie, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2011, End: 2013)
    Thesis title: Bird and insect diversity along an urban disturbance gradient
    Meagan Blair, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2010, End: 2013)
    Thesis title: Diversity of Scathophagidae (Diptera) in northern Canada: patterns in space and time
    Heather Cumming, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2011, End: 2014)
    Thesis title: Systematics of Platypezidae (Diptera)
    Gregor Gilbert, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2006, End: 2010)
    Thesis title: Community asssembly in bird nest fauna
    Pamela Horsley, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2006, End: 2009)
    Thesis title: Systematics of Trachyphloeomimus (Curculionidae)
    Valerie Levesque Beaudin, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2007, End: 2009)
    Thesis title: Nested patterns of diversity in forest Diptera
    Alyssa MacLeod, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2009, End: 2012)
    Thesis title: Patterns of diversity in high elevation grassland Diptera
    Julia Mlynarek, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2007, End: 2009)
    Thesis title: Phylogeny of Elachipterini (Chloropidae)
    Sabrina Rochefort, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2013, End: 2015)
    Thesis title: Diversity and systematics of Nearctic Piophilidae (Diptera)
    Kathrin Sim, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2010, End: 2013)
    Other QCBS (co-)supervisor: Christopher Buddle
    Thesis title: Genetic analysis of Pardosa wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae) across the northern Nearctic
    Anna Solecki, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2011, End: 2014)
    Other QCBS (co-)supervisor: Christopher Buddle
    Thesis title: Population genetics of Beringian Diptera
    Elodie Vajda, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2013, End: 2015)
    Thesis title: Diversity and ecology of arctic Rhamphomyia (Diptera: Empididae)
    Courses
    AEBI 212 - Evolution and Phylogeny (Winter / Hiver)
    ENVB 313 - Phylogeny and Biogeography (Fall / Automne)
    ENTO 440 - Systematic Entomology/Insect Diversity (Fall / Automne)
    ENTO 610 - Insect Diversity and Phylogeny (Fall / Automne)

    Publications
    35- Peatland invertebrates
    Batzer D., Wu H., Wheeler T., Eggert S.
    2016 Invertebrates in Freshwater Wetlands: An International Perspective on Their Ecology (Date Added: 2017-04-20)

    33- Revision of the Nearctic species of Dicraeus Loew (Diptera: Chloropidae)
    Barrie, C.L., Wheeler, T.A.
    2016 The Canadian Entomologist (Date Added: 2016-08-04)

    32- Distribution and community structure of chloropid flies (Diptera: Chloropidae) in Nearctic glacial and post-glacial grasslands
    Solecki, A.M., Buddle, C.M., Wheeler, T.A., Stewart, A., Jonsell, M.
    2016 Insect Conservation and Diversity (Date Added: 2016-07-12)

    31- A New Ectoparasitoid Species of_Pseudogaurax_Malloch, 1915 (Diptera: Chloropidae), Attacking the Fungus-Growing Ant,_Apterostigma dentigerum_Wheeler, 1925 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
    González, C.T., Wcislo, W.T., Cambra, R., Wheeler, T.A., Fernández-Marín, H.
    2016 Annals of the Entomological Society of America (Date Added: 2016-07-11)

    30-Peatland Invertebrates
    Batzer, D., Wu, H., Wheeler, T. and S. Eggert
    2016 Invertebrates of Freshwater Wetlands. An International Perspective on their Ecology ( Date Added: 2016-07-11)

    29- Revision of the Nearctic species of Callomyia Meigen (Diptera: Platypezidae) and phylogeny of the genus
    Cumming, H.J., Wheeler, T.A.
    2016 Zootaxa (Date Added: 2016-06-10)

    28- Key to forensically important Piophilidae (Diptera) in the Nearctic region.
    Rochefort, S., Giroux, M., Savage, J., Wheeler, T.A..
    2015 Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification (Date Added: 2016-07-11)

    26- A new species of Neossos Malloch (Diptera: Heleomyzidae) from the Yukon Territory, Canada, and a revised key to the Nearctic species
    Solecki, A.M., Wheeler, T.A.
    2015 Biodiversity Data Journal (Date Added: 2016-07-11)

    25- Natural History's Place in Science and Society
    Tewksbury, J.J., Anderson, J.G.T., Bakker, J.D., Billo, T.J., Dunwiddie, P.W., Groom, M.J., Hampton, S.E., Herman, S.G., Levey, D.J., Machnicki, N.J., del Rio, C.M., Power, M.E., Rowell, K., Salomon, A.K., Stacey, L., Trombulak, S.C., Wheeler, T.A.
    2014 BioScience (Date Added: 2016-07-21)

    24- Specimen collection: an essential tool
    Rocha, L.A., Aleixo, A., Allen, G., Almeda, F., Baldwin, C.C., Barclay, M.V.L., Bates, J.M., Bauer, A.M., Benzoni, F., Berns, C.M., Berumen, M.L., Blackburn, D.C., Blum, S., Bolanos, F., Bowie, R.C.K., Britz, R., Brown, R.M., Cadena, C.D., Carpenter, K., Ceriaco, L.M., Chakrabarty, P., Chaves, G., Choat, J.H., Clements, K.D., Collette, B.B., Collins, A., Coyne, J., Cracraft, J., Daniel, T., de Carvalho, M.R., de Queiroz, K., Di Dario, F., Drewes, R., Dumbacher, J.P., Engilis, A.J., Erdmann, M.V., Eschmeyer, W., Feldman, C.R., Fisher, B.L., Fjeldsa, J., Fritsch, P.W., Fuchs, J., Getahun, A., Gill, A., Gomon, M., Gosliner, T., Graves, G.R., Griswold, C.E., Guralnick, R., Hartel, K., Helgen, K.M., Ho, H., Iskandar, D.T., Iwamoto, T., Jaafar, Z., James, H.F., Johnson, D., Kavanaugh, D., Knowlton, N., Lacey, E., Larson, H.K., Last, P., Leis, J.M., Lessios, H., Liebherr, J., Lowman, M., Mahler, D.L., Mamonekene, V., Matsuura, K., Mayer, G.C., Mays, H.J., McCosker, J., McDiarmid, R.W., McGuire, J., Miller, M.J., Mooi, R., Mooi, R.D., Moritz, C., Myers, P., Nachman, M.W., Nussbaum, R.A., Foighil, D.O., Parenti, L.R., Parham, J.F., Paul, E., Paulay, G., Perez-Eman, J., Perez-Matus, A., Poe, S., Pogonoski, J., Rabosky, D.L., Randall, J.E., Reimer, J.D., Robertson, D.R., Rodel, M.-O., Rodrigues, M.T., Roopnarine, P., Ruber, L., Ryan, M.J., Sheldon, F., Shinohara, G., Short, A., Simison, W.B., Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Springer, V.G., Stiassny, M., Tello, J.G., Thompson, C.W., Trnski, T., Tucker, P., Valqui, T., Vecchione, M., Verheyen, E., Wainwright, P.C., Wheeler, T.A., White, W.T., Will, K., Williams, J.T., Williams, G., Wilson, E.O., Winker, K., Winterbottom, R., Witt, C.C.
    2014 Science (Date Added: 2016-07-21)

    23- Species boundaries of Pardosa concinna and P. lapponica (Araneae: Lycosidae) in the northern Nearctic: Morphology and DNA barcodes
    Sim, Kathrin A., Buddle, Christopher M., Wheeler, Terry A.
    2014 Zootaxa (Date Added: 2014-12-01)

    22- Neotropical Agromyzidae (Diptera) of the Mission Géodésique de l’Équateur : Becker (1920) revisited
    Boucher, Stéphanie, Wheeler, Terry A.
    2014 Zootaxa (Date Added: 2014-03-31)

    21- Ecology in the age of DNA barcoding: the resource, the promise and the challenges ahead
    Joly, Simon, Davies, T. Jonathan, Archambault, Annie, Bruneau, Anne, Derry, Alison, Kembel, Steven W., Peres-Neto, Pedro, Vamosi, Jana, Wheeler, Terry A.
    2014 Molecular Ecology Resources (Date Added: 2014-03-04)

    20- Vertical stratification of beetles (Coleoptera) and flies (Diptera) in temperate forest canopies
    Maguire, D.Y., Robert, K., Brochu, K., Larrivée, M., Buddle, C.M., Wheeler, T.A.
    2014 Environmental Entomology (Date Added: 2014-02-24)

    19- New species of Calamoncosis Enderlein (Diptera: Chloropidae) from South Africa
    Wheeler, Terry A., Solecki, Anna M.
    2013 Zootaxa (Date Added: 2013-09-17)

    18- Animal Colonization of Restored Peatlands: Inoculation of Plant Material as a Source of Insects
    Grégoire Taillefer, Amélie, Wheeler, Terry A.
    2013 Restoration Ecology (Date Added: 2013-02-03)

    17- Assessing five decades of change in a high Arctic parasitoid community
    Timms, Laura L., Bennett, Andrew M. R., Buddle, Christopher M., Wheeler, Terry A.
    2013 Ecography (Date Added: 2013-01-28)

    16- Systematics and Phylogeny of Leptomorphus Curtis (Diptera: Mycetophilidae)
    Borkent, Christopher J., Wheeler, Terry A.,
    2012 Zootaxa (Date Added: 2012-12-02)

    15- Fostering the rebirth of natural history
    Hampton, Stephanie E., Wheeler, Terry A.
    2012 Biology Letters (Date Added: 2012-09-19)

    14- The Genus Calamoncosis in the Nearctic Region (Diptera: Chloropidae)
    Taillefer, Amélie Grégoire, Wheeler, Terry A.
    2011 The Canadian Entomologist (Date Added: 2012-09-19)

    13- Spatial scale and nested patterns of beta-diversity in temperate forest Diptera
    LéVesque-Beaudin, ValéRie, Wheeler, Terry A.
    2011 Insect Conservation and Diversity (Date Added: 2011-08-03)

    12- Community assembly of Diptera following restoration of mined boreal bogs: taxonomic and functional diversity
    Grégoire Taillefer, Amélie, Wheeler, Terry A.
    2011 Journal of Insect Conservation (Date Added: 2011-05-22)

    11- Effects of habitat size, vegetation cover, and surrounding land use on diptera diversity in temperate nearctic bogs
    Savage, J., Wheeler, T.A., Moores, A.M.A., Taillefer, A.G.
    2011 Wetlands (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    9- Towards a phylogeny of the flesh flies (Diptera: Sarcophagidae): Morphology and phylogenetic implications of the acrophallus in the subfamily Sarcophaginae
    Giroux, M., Pape, T., Wheeler, T.A.
    2010 Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    8- Systematics of Allomedeia, a new genus of Afrotropical Chloropidae (Diptera)
    Mlynarek, J.J., Wheeler, T.A.
    2010 Annals of the Entomological Society of America (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    7- Effect of drainage ditches on brachycera (Diptera) diversity in a Southern Quebec Peatland
    Grégoire Taillefer, A., Wheeler, T.A.
    2010 Canadian Entomologist (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    6- Camptopeltes, a new Neotropical genus of oscinelline chloropidae (Diptera)
    Mlynarek, J.J., Wheeler, T.A.
    2010 Canadian Entomologist (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    5- Biology and host preferences of cryptorhynchus melastomae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a possible biocontrol agent for Miconia calvescens (Melastomataceae) in Hawaii
    Reichert, E., Johnson, M.T., Chacón, E., Anderson, R.S., Wheeler, T.A.
    2010 Environmental Entomology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    4- Systematics and ecology of the nearctic species of Neophyllomyza (Diptera: Milichiidae)
    Brochu, K., Wheeler, T.A.
    2009 Canadian Entomologist (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    3- Systematics of Agrophaspidium, a new genus of Neotropical Chloropidae (Diptera)
    Wheeler, T. A., Mlynarek, J.J.
    2008 Zootaxa (Date Added: 2013-11-27)

    2- Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Thricops Rondani (Diptera: Muscidae) based on molecular and morphological characters
    Savage, Jade, Wheeler, Terry A., Wiegmann, Brian M.
    2004 Systematic Entomology (Date Added: 2011-05-26)