Martin Lechowicz

Associate Professor,
McGill University

Department of Biology
1205 Docteur Penfield Avenue
Montreal, Quebec
CANADA H3A 1B1
Tel: (514) 398-6456
Fax: (514) 398-5069
E-mail: martin.lechowicz@mcgill.ca
Institution page



Education
  • Ph.D in plant ecology at Wisconsin in 1976.
  • Master's degree in Botany in 1973
  • Bachelor's degree in humanities at Michigan State University in 1969


  • Research
    My research falls in two broad areas tied together by an interest in the functional basis for variation in plant performance across a range of environments, especially in forests of temperate and boreal regions in the northern hemisphere. One area concerns the comparative ecology of trees, especially how phenological, physiological and architectural traits interact to determine tree establishment, growth and susceptibility to herbivores. Some of this work is strictly ecological, but some also considers the ways that contemporary differences among species have evolved. The second area concerns the evolutionary and ecological responses of herbaceous plants to environmental heterogeneity, with a focus especially on sedges and ferns. This involves studies characterizing heterogeneity at scales from cm to thousands of km, quantifying the interacting contributions of traits to fitness, investigating the role of plasticity in stabilizing fitness across environments, and defining tradeoffs among life history components. My work on adaptation to particular environments bears on questions of niche differentiation among species within functional groups of plants and its relevance to the assembly of plant communities. Finally, I am also involved in developing conservation strategies in the region around the Gault Nature Reserve.

    Much of my research takes place on the settled landscapes and protected areas in southern Quebec or on the more remote and wild landscapes of subarctic Quebec. However, I presently also have research collaborations in France, China and Japan and do field work on sedges in Australia and New Zealand. I also do a good deal of controlled environment research in the McGill University Phytotron. The strength and relevance of my research program has recently been recognized by award of the Prix Michel-Jurdant that is given annually by the Association francophone pour le savoir (ACFAS) to someone in Québec whose scientific work has made special cont

    Prizes and honours
  • Yaffe Award for Excellence in Teaching, Faculty of Science, McGill University, 1981
  • Distinguished Service Award, Mont St-Hilaire Nature Conservation Centre, 2001
  • Alan Blizzard Award for collaborative projects to improve student learning, a national award from the Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 2002
  • Quebec Ministry of Environment, Award for dedication to the training of young botanists, 2003
  • Prix Michel-Jurdant – 2006 (ACFAS)


  • QCBS students
    Previous students (since 2009)
    Aerin Jacob, Ph.D.
    (Start: 2007, End: 2014)

    Thesis title: Conserving and restoring biodiversity and ecosystem services in an African tropical rainforest
    Personal page
    Julie Messier, Ph.D.
    (Start: 2010, End: 2015)
    Other (co-)supervisor: Brian Enquist, University of Arizona and Brian McGill, University of Maine
    Thesis title: Variation and integration of ecophysiological traits across scales in tropical and temperate trees: Patterns, drivers and consequences
    Peter White, Ph.D.
    (Start: 2007, End: 2011)
    Other (co-)supervisor: Brian McGill
    Thesis title: Forest recovery after disturbance in the Monteregian Hills
    Kyle Teixeira-Martins, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2011, End: 2013)
    Other QCBS (co-)supervisor: Andrew Gonzalez
    Thesis title: Bumblebee diversity & pollination services
    Courses
    BIOL 240 - Monteregian Flora (Summer / Été)
    ENVR 202 - The Evolving Earth (Winter / Hiver)
    BIOL 355 - Trees: Ecology & Evolution (Fall / Automne)
    BIOL 555D1/D2 - Functional Ecology of Trees (Fall / Automne)
    BIOL 331 - Ecology/Behaviour Field Course (Fall / Automne)

    Publications
    137- Trait variation and integration across scales: Is the leaf economic spectrum present at local scales?
    Messier J., McGill B.J., Enquist B.J., Lechowicz M.J.
    2016 Ecography (Date Added: 2017-02-10)

    136- Ecological and Evolutionary Diversification within the Genus Carex (Cyperaceae): Consequences for Community Assembly in Subarctic Fens
    Waterway M.J., Martins K.T., Dabros A., Prado A., Lechowicz M.J.
    2016 Systematic Botany (Date Added: 2017-02-10)

    135- Foliar phosphorus content predicts species relative abundance in P-limited Tibetan alpine meadows
    Niu K., He J., Lechowicz M.J.
    2016 Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics (Date Added: 2017-02-10)

    134- Non-native fruit trees facilitate colonization of native forest on abandoned farmland: Non-native fruit trees facilitate forest recovery
    Jacob, A.L., Lechowicz, M.J., Chapman, C.A.
    2016 Restoration Ecology (Date Added: 2016-08-09)

    133- Grazing-induced shifts in community functional composition and soil nutrient availability in Tibetan alpine meadows
    Niu, K., He, J.-S., Lechowicz, M.J., Souza, L.
    2016 Journal of Applied Ecology (Date Added: 2016-08-04)

    132- Axiomatic Plant Ecology— Reflections toward a Unified Theory for Plant Productivity.
    Kikuzawa, K and MJ Lechowicz
    2016 Canopy Photosynthesis: From Basics to Applications (Date Added: 2016-06-22)

    131- Tradeoffs between forage quality and soil fertility: Lessons from Himalayan rangelands
    Niu, K., He, J.-sheng, Zhang, S., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2016 Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (Date Added: 2016-06-13)

    130- The underlying basis for the trade-off between leaf size and leafing intensity
    Huang, Y., Lechowicz, M.J., Price, C.A., Li, L., Wang, Y., Zhou, D., Watling, J.
    2016 Functional Ecology (Date Added: 2016-03-03)

    129- Influence of dust deposition and climate on the radial growth of Tsuga canadensis near its northern range limit
    Farahat, E.A., Linderholm, H.W., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2016 European Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2016-02-01)

    128- The Montérégie Connection: linking landscapes, biodiversity, and ecosystem services to improve decision making
    Mitchell, M.G.E., Bennett, E.M., Gonzalez, A., Lechowicz, M.J., Rhemtulla, J.M., Cardille, J.A., Vanderheyden, K., Poirier-Ghys, G., Renard, D., Delmotte, S., Albert, C.H., Rayfield, B., Dumitru, M., Huang, H.-H., Larouche, M., Liss, K.N., Maguire, D.Y., Martins, K.T., Terrado, M., Ziter, C., Taliana, L., Dancose, K.
    2015 Ecology and Society (Date Added: 2016-07-13)

    127- Grazing increases functional richness but not functional divergence in Tibetan alpine meadow plant communities
    Niu, Kechang, He, Jin-Sheng, Zhang, Shiting., Lechowicz, M.
    2015 Biodiversity and Conservation (Date Added: 2016-06-23)

    126- “Communities in the middle”: interactions between drivers of change and place-based characteristics in rural forest-based communities
    Morzillo, AT, CR. Colocousis, DK. Munroe, KP. Bell, S Martinuzzi, DB Van Berkel., Lechowicz, M., B Rayfield, & BJ McGill
    2015 Journal of Rural Studies (Date Added: 2016-06-22)

    124- The effects of grazing on foliar trait diversity and niche differentiation in Tibetan alpine meadows
    Niu, K., Messier, J., He, J.-S., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2015 Ecosphere (Date Added: 2015-09-30)

    123- Pollination services are mediated by bee functional diversity and landscape context
    Martins, Kyle T., Gonzalez, Andrew, Lechowicz, Martin J.
    2015 Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (Date Added: 2014-12-01)

    122- Historical anthropogenic disturbances influence patterns of non-native earthworm and plant invasions in a temperate primary forest
    Beauséjour, Robin, Handa, I. Tanya, Lechowicz, Martin J., Gilbert, Benjamin, Vellend, Mark
    2014 Biological Invasions (Date Added: 2014-10-20)

    121- Leaf Longevity as a Normalization Constant in Allometric Predictions of Plant Production
    Kikuzawa, K, K Seiwa & MJ Lechowicz
    2013 PLoS ONE (Date Added: 2016-06-22)

    120- Niche breadth and range area in North American trees
    Morin, Xavier, Lechowicz, Martin J.
    2013 Ecography (Date Added: 2013-04-04)

    119- Norway maple displays greater seasonal growth and phenotypic plasticity to light than native sugar maple
    Paquette, A., Fontaine, B., Berninger, F., Dubois, K., Lechowicz, M.J., Messier, C., Posada, J.M., Valladares, F., Brisson, J.
    2012 Tree Physiology (Date Added: 2016-07-06)

    118- Functional ecology of growth in seedlings versus root sprouts of Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.
    Farahat, Emad, Lechowicz, Martin J.
    2012 Trees (Date Added: 2013-01-28)

    117- Contributions of leaf photosynthetic capacity, leaf angle and self-shading to the maximization of net photosynthesis in Acer saccharum: a modelling assessment
    Posada, J. M., Sievanen, R., Messier, C., Perttunen, J., Nikinmaa, E., Lechowicz, M. J.
    2012 Annals of Botany (Date Added: 2012-09-17)

    116- Post-fire succession of collembolan communities in a northern hardwood forest
    Huebner, K., Lindo, Z., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2012 European Journal of Soil Biology (Date Added: 2012-09-17)

    115- Experimental test for adaptive differentiation of ginseng populations reveals complex response to temperature
    Souther, S., Lechowicz, M. J., McGraw, J. B.
    2012 Annals of Botany (Date Added: 2012-09-10)

    114- Detecting changes in forest floor habitat after canopy disturbance
    White, Peter J. T., McGill, Brian J., Lechowicz, Martin J.
    2012 Ecological Research (Date Added: 2012-04-10)

    113- Ecology of leaf longevity
    Kikuzawa, Kihachiro, Lechowicz, Martin J
    2011 (Date Added: 2012-09-17)

    112- Comment on "Present-day expansion of American beech in northeastern hardwood forests: Does soil base status matter?"
    Messier, C., Bélanger, N., Brisson, J., Lechowicz, M.J., Gravel, D.
    2011 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2012-03-07)

    111- Human-disturbance and caterpillars in managed forest fragments
    White, Peter J. T., McGill, Brian J., Lechowicz, Martin J.
    2011 Biodiversity and Conservation (Date Added: 2011-08-30)

    110- Geographical and ecological patterns of range size in North American trees
    Morin, Xavier, Lechowicz, Martin J.
    2011 Ecography (Date Added: 2011-08-30)

    109- The role of dispersal in shaping plant community composition of wetlands within an old-growth forest
    Flinn, K.M., Gouhier, T.C., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J.
    2010 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    108- Sugar maple and yellow birch regeneration in response to canopy opening, liming and vegetation control in a temperate deciduous forest of Quebec
    Gasser, D., Messier, C., Beaudet, M., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2010 Forest Ecology and Management (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    107- How do traits vary across ecological scales? A case for trait-based ecology
    Messier, J., McGill, B.J., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2010 Ecology Letters (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    106- Codominance of Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia: The role of Fagus root sprouts along a slope gradient in an old-growth forest
    Takahashi, K., Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2010 Journal of Plant Research (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    105- Disjunct performance and distribution in the sedge Carex prasina
    Flinn, K.M., Waterway, M.J., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2010 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    104- Optimal photosynthetic use of light by tropical tree crowns achieved by adjustment of individual leaf angles and nitrogen content
    Posada, J.M., Lechowicz, M.J., Kitajima, K.
    2009 Annals of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    103- Leaf phenology in 22 North American tree species during the 21st century
    Morin, X., Lechowicz, M.J., Augspurger, C., O'keefe, J., Viner, D., Chuine, I.
    2009 Global Change Biology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    102- Canopy ergodicity: Can a single leaf represent an entire plant canopy?
    Kikuzawa, K., Yagi, M., Ohto, Y., Umeki, K., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2009 Plant Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    101- Plant species diversity and composition of wetlands within an upland forest
    Flinn, K.M., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J.
    2008 American Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    99- Contemporary perspectives on the niche that can improve models of species range shifts under climate change
    Morin, X., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2008 Biology Letters (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    98- The ecological and functional correlates of nocturnal transpiration
    Marks, C.O., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2007 Tree Physiology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    97- Changes in understory light regime in a beech-maple forest after a severe ice storm
    Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2007 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    96- Are correlations among foliar traits in ferns consistent with those in the seed plants?
    Karst, A.L., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2007 New Phytologist (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    95- Quantitative and qualitative effects of a severe ice storm on an old-growth beech-maple forest
    Takahashi, K., Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2007 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    94- Twilight far-red treatment advances leaf bud burst of silver birch (Betula pendula)
    Linkosalo, T., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2006 Tree Physiology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    92- Fundamental trade-offs generating the worldwide leaf economics spectrum
    Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J., Wright, I., Reich, P.B.
    2006 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    91- Climatic limits for the present distribution of beech (Fagus L.) species in the world
    Fang, J., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2006 Journal of Biogeography (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    90- Alternative designs and the evolution of functional diversity
    Marks, C.O., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2006 American Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    89- The comparative evidence relating to functional and neutral interpretations of biological communities
    Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J.
    2006 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    88- A holistic tree seedling model for the investigation of functional trait diversity
    Marks, C.O., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2006 Ecological Modelling (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    87- Fern community assembly: The roles of chance and the environment at local and intermediate scales
    Karst, J., Gilbert, B., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2005 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    86- Environmental correlates of canopy composition at Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec, Canada
    Arii, K., Hamel, B.R., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2005 Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    85- Invasibility and abiotic gradients: The positive correlation between native and exotic plant diversity
    Gilbert, B., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2005 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    84- Neutrality, niches, and dispersal in a temperate forest understory
    Gilbert, B., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2004 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    83- Physiological, morphological and allocational plasticity in understory deciduous trees: Importance of plant size and light availability
    Delagrange, S., Messier, C., Lechowicz, M.J., Dizengremel, P.
    2004 Tree Physiology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    82- Comparative seedling ecology of eight North American spruce (Picea) species in relation to their geographic ranges
    Miyazawa, K., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2004 Annals of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    81- Predicting survival and growth rates for individual loblolly pine trees from light capture estimates
    MacFarlane, David W, Green, Edwin J, Brunner, Andreas, Burkhart, Harold E
    2002 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-08-30)

    79- Effects of gypsy moth on radial growth of deciduous trees
    Naidoo, R., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2001 Forest Science (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    78- Adaptation of the LIGNUM model for simulations of growth and light response in Jack pine
    Lo, E., Wang, Z.M., Lechowicz, M., Messier, C., Nikinmaa, E., Perttunen, J., Sievanen, R.
    2001 Forest Ecology and Management (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    77- Impact of a major ice storm on an old-growth hardwood forest
    Hooper, M.C., Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2001 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    76- Ice storm damage and early recovery in an old-growth forest
    Duguay, S.M., Arii, K., Hooper, M., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2001 Environmental Monitoring and Assessment (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    75- Application of the functional-structural tree model LIGNUM to sugar maple saplings (Acer saccharum Marsh) growing in forest gaps
    Perttunen, J., Nikinmaa, E., Lechowicz, M.J., Sievänen, R., Messier, C.
    2001 Annals of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    74- Germination and establishment of forest sedges (Carex, Cyperaceae): Tests for home-site advantage and effects of leaf litter
    Vellend, M., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J.
    2000 American Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    73- Environmental distribution of four Carex species (Cyperaceae) in an old-growth forest
    Vellend, M., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J.
    2000 American Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    72- The seed bank in an old-growth, temperate deciduous forest
    Leckie, S., Vellend, M., Bell, G., Waterway, M.J., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2000 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    71- The evolution of plant ecophysiological traits: Recent advances and future directions
    Dawson, T.E., Ackerly, D.D., Lechowicz, M.J., Dudley, S.A., Sultan, S.E., Schmitt, J., Coleman, J.S., Linder, C.R., Sandquist, D.R., Geber, M.A., Evans, A.S.
    2000 BioScience (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    70- Leaf- and plant-level carbon gain in yellow birch, sugar maple, and beech seedlings from contrasting forest light environments
    Beaudet, M., Messier, C., Hilbert, D.W., Lo, E., Wang, Z.M., Lechowicz, M.J.
    2000 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    69- Environmental heterogeneity and species diversity of forest sedges
    Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J.
    2000 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    67-Radial growth losses in preferred and avoided tree species during gypsy moth outbreaks
    Naidoo, R., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1999 Northern Journal of Applied Forestry ( Date Added: 2011-08-30)

    66- Functional ecology of advance regeneration in relation to light in boreal forests
    Messier, C., Doucet, R., Ruel, J.-C., Claveau, Y., Kelly, C., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1999 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    65- Is climate simulation in growth chambers necessary?
    Wang, Z.M., Johnsen, K.H., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1999 Biotronics (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    64- Rugby injuries [2]
    Richman, P.B., Brogan G.X., Jr., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1998 American Journal of Emergency Medicine (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    63- Foliage suitability of saplings grown under contrasting water regimes to the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar
    Naidoo, R., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1998 Canadian Entomologist (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    61- Diverse responses of maple saplings to forest light regimes
    Lei, T.T., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1998 Annals of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    60- The photosynthetic response of eight species of Acer to simulated light regimes from the centre and edges of gaps
    Lei, T.T., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1997 Functional Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    58- Some evidence for an adaptive linkage between leaf phenology and shoot architecture in sapling trees
    Kikuzawa, K., Koyama, H., Umeki, K., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1996 Functional Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    57- Phenology and seasonality of woody plants: An unappreciated element in global change research?
    Lechowicz, Martin J., Koike, Takayoshi
    1995 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-08-30)

    56- The effects of aluminum on Picea rubens: Factorial experiments using sand culture
    McCanny, S.J., Hendershot, W.H., Lechowicz, M.J., Shipley, B.
    1995 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    55- Seasonality of flowering and fruiting in temperate forest trees
    Lechowicz, M.J.
    1995 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    54- Responses to CO2 enrichment by two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana differing in their sensitivity to nutrient availability
    Zhang Jianhua, , Lechowicz, M.J.
    1995 Annals of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    53- Responses of black spruce seedlings to simulated present versus future seedbed environments
    Wang Zhang Ming, , Lechowicz, M.J., Potvin, C.
    1995 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    52- The ecology and genetic of fitness in forest plants. IV.Quantitative genetics of fitness components in Impatiens pallida (Balsaminaceae)
    Schoen, D.J., Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1994 American Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    51- Correlation between time of flowering and phenotypic plasticity in Arabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae)
    Zhang Jianhua, , Lechowicz, M.J.
    1994 American Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    50- Early selection of black spruce seedlings and global change: Which genotypes should we favor?
    Wang Zhang Ming, , Lechowicz, M.J., Potvin, C.
    1994 Ecological Applications (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    49- The spatial structure of the physical environment
    Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Appenzeller, A., Chandler, M., DeBlois, E., Jackson, L., Mackenzie, B., Preziosi, R., Schallenberg, M., Tinker, N.
    1993 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    48- Predicting the timing of budburst in temperate trees
    Hunter, A.F., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1992 Journal of Applied Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    47- The relation of foliar phenology to xylem embolism in trees
    Wang, J., Ives, N.E., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1992 Functional Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    46- Foliage quality changes during canopy development of some northern hardwood trees
    Hunter, A.F., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1992 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    45- Interacting effects of nutrients, pH - Al and elevated CO2 on the growth of red spruce (Picea rubens sarg.) seedlings
    Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M., Dumont, S., Hendershot, W.H.
    1992 Water, Air, and Soil Pollution (Date Added: 2011-04-12)

    44- The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. III. Environmental variance in natural populations of Impatiens pallida
    Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Schoen, D.J.
    1991 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    43- The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. II. Microspatial heterogeneity of the edaphic environment
    Lechowicz, M.J., Bell, G.
    1991 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    42- The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. I. Environmental heterogeneity measured by explant trials
    Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1991 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    41- Host effects on the development and fecundity of gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar L., reared under field conditions
    Hamilton, D.J., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1991 Canadian Journal of Zoology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    40- The statistical analysis of ecophysiological response curves obtained from experiments involving repeated measures
    Potvin, C., Lechowicz, M.J., Tardif, S.
    1990 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    39- Shade adaptation and shade tolerance in saplings of three Acer species from eastern North America
    Lei, T.T., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1990 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    38- Functional interactions among traits that determine reproductive success in a native annual plant
    Farris, M.A., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1990 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    37- Spatial, temporal, amd species-specific patterns of heterogeneity in growth chamber experiments
    Potvin, C., Lechowicz, M.J., Bell, G., Schoen, D.
    1990 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-08)

    36- Variation among populations of Xanthium strumarium (Compositae) from natural and ruderal habitats
    Blais, P.A., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1989 American Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    35- Effects of leaf removal on reproduction vs. belowground storage in Trillium grandiflorum
    Lubbers, A.E., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1989 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    34- Assessing the contributions of multiple interacting traits to plant reproductive success: environmental dependence
    Lechowicz, M.J., Blais, P.A.
    1988 Journal of Evolutionary Biology (Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    33- Environmental correlates of habitat distribution and fitness components in Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida
    Lechowicz, M.J., Schoen, D.J., Bell, G.
    1988 Journal of Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    32- Resource allocation by plants under air pollution stress: Implications for plant-pest-pathogen interactions
    Lechowicz, Martin J.
    1987 The Botanical Review (Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    31- Losses of polyol through leaching in subarctic lichens
    Dudley, S.A., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1987 Plant physiology (Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    30- Net photosynthetic recovery in subarctic lichens with contrasting water relations
    Groulx, M., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1987 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    29- Resistance of the caribou lichen Cladina stellaris (Opiz.) brodo to growth reduction by simulated acidic rain
    Lechowicz, M.J.
    1987 Water, Air, and Soil Pollution (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    28- Differences in the damage caused by glaze ice on codominant Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia.
    Melancon, S., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1987 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    27- Partitioning the transplant site effect in reciprocal transplant experiments with Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida
    Schoen, D.J., Stewart, S.C., Lechowicz, M.J., Bell, G.
    1986 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-20)

    26- Hostplant, larval age, and feeding behavior influence midgut pH in the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar)
    Schultz, J.C., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1986 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    25- A multivariate approach to plant mineral nutrition: dose-response relationships and nutrient dominance in factorial experiments.
    Shaver, G.R., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1985 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    24-The effects of individual variation in physiological and morphological traits on the reproductive capacity of the common cocklebur, Xanthium strumarium L.
    Lechowicz, M.J.
    1984 Evolution ( Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    22- Vegetation of the Schefferville region, Nouveau-Quebec.
    Waterway, M.J., Lechowicz, M.J., Moore, T.R.
    1984 McGill Subarctic Research Paper (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    20- Critical research problems on the ecology of lichens in subarctic Quebec.
    Lechowicz, M.J., Dudley, S.A., Groulx, M.
    1984 McGill Subarctic Research Paper (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    19- The biology of Canadian weeds. 56. Xanthium strumarium L.
    Weaver, S.E., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1983 Canadian Journal of Plant Science (Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    18- Age dependence of photosynthesis in the caribou lichen Cladina stellaris
    Lechowicz, M.J.
    1983 Plant Physiology (Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    17- Host preferences of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.), in southern Quebec.
    Mauffette, Y., Lechowicz, M.J., Jobin, L.
    1983 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    16- Estimating the susceptibility of tree species to attack by the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar.
    Lechowicz, M.J., Jobin, L.
    1983 Ecological Entomology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    15- The sampling characteristics of electivity indices
    Lechowicz, M.J.
    1982 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    14- A multivariate approach to the analysis of factorial fertilization experiments in Alaskan arctic tundra.
    Lechowicz, M.J., Shaver, G.R.
    1982 Ecology (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    13- The effects of simulated acid precipitation on photosynthesis in the caribou lichen Cladina stellaris (Opiz) Brodo
    Lechowicz, M.J.
    1982 Water, Air, and Soil Pollution (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    12- Responses to moisture stress in male and female plants of Rumex acetosella L. (Polygonaceae)
    Zimmerman, J.K., Lechowicz, M.J.
    1982 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    11- Ecological trends in lichen photosynthesis
    Lechowicz, M.J.
    1982 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    9- Song features and singing heights of American warblers: Maximization or optimization of distance?
    Lemon, R.E., Struger, J., Lechowicz, M.J., Norman, R.F.
    1981 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    8-Latitudinal trends in the responses of growth respiration and maintenance respiration to temperature in the beach pea, Lathyrus japonicus
    Lechowicz, MJ, Hellens, LE, Simon, J.P.
    1980 Canadian Journal of Botany ( Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    7-Net C02 exchange in Cladonia lichen species endemic to southeastern North America
    Lechowicz, MJ, Adams, MS
    1979 Photosynthetica ( Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    6-Diurnal and Seasonal Structure of the Climate at Scheffer Ville, Quebec
    Lechowicz, M.J., Adams, M.S.
    1978 Arctic and alpine research ( Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    5- Carbon dioxide exchange in Cladina lichens from subarctic and temperate habitats
    Lechowicz, M.J.
    1978 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-04-14)

    4-The use of canonical analysis to compare response curves in physiological ecology
    Kowal, R.R., Lechowicz, M.J., Adams, M.S.
    1976 Flora ( Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    3- A note on aquatic macrophyte productivity in Lake Maggiore
    Lechowicz, M.J., Adams, M.S.
    1975 Mem. Ist. Ital. Idrobiol. (Date Added: 2011-08-31)

    1- Ecology of Cladonia lichens. II. Comparative physiological ecology of C. mitis, C. rangiferina, and C. uncialis
    Lechowicz, M.J., Adams, M.S.
    1974 Canadian Journal of Botany (Date Added: 2011-08-31)

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