Sophie Calmé

Associate Professor,
Université de Sherbrooke

Département de Biologie

2500, boul. de l'Université,
Sherbrooke (Québec) J1K 2R1 CANADA
Tel: 819 821-8000, poste 62087
Institution page

M.Sc., Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille (1989)
M.Sc., Université Laval (1991)
Ph.D., Université Laval (1998)

  • Conservation ecology in tropical areas
  • influence of human activity on ecological responses of wildlife.

  • Tropical landscapes are extremely dynamic in time and space and under strong influence of rural populations that practice burn agriculture of and the extraction of forest resources to assure their subsidy. The Yucatán peninsula, particularly the Calakmul region, is characterized by the absence of superficial hydrological networks where water becomes a limited critical factor during the long dry season. Wildlife species must compose with seasonal variations of the availability of many resources, as well as continuously changing coverage, whether because of natural processes like hurricanes or human caused processes such as agriculture conversion. Important mechanisms for maintaining populations like dispersal are henceforth threatened and so can the access to certain natural key resources such as water points and feeding or nesting sites. The understanding of these relationships of animal species with landscape characteristics that shelter them is necessary to predict their vulnerability to the changes within these landscapes. My research is situated between the ecological and social research (historical, cultural, political) that motivates the study of changing ecosystems, all while using landscape ecology as a theoretical framework

    QCBS students
    Adriana Aguilar Melo, Ph.D.
    (Start: 2013)
    Other (co-)supervisor: Gabriel Ramos-Fernández, Instituto Politécnico Nacional
    Thesis title: Ecology of fission-fusion dynamics in spider monkey
    Mélanie Brisson Léveillé, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2017, End: 2019)
    Other (co-)supervisor: François Rousseu
    Thesis title: Caracterisation of the Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP) bacterial infection to a sympatric populations of guanacos (Lama guanicoe) and sheep in the Magallanes region, Chili.
    Previous students (since 2009)
    Louis-Philippe Chrétien, NA
    (Start: 2011, End: 2011)
    Thesis title: King Vulture's use of water at roosting sites
    Céline Emberger, NA
    (Start: 2008, End: 2009)
    Thesis title: Ecological and social significance of Manilkara zapota
    Paola Gomez Garcia, NA
    (Start: 2013, End: 2013)

    Thesis title: Evaluation of the impacts of community arrangements to control hunting in the rural community Nuevo Becal, Campeche, Mexico
    Personal page
    María Manzón Che, NA
    (Start: 2006, End: 2010)
    Thesis title: Relationship between hunting patterns and productive activities in rural communities of the Southern Yucatan
    Charlotte Poeydebat, NA
    (Start: 2010, End: 2011)
    Thesis title: King Vulture
    Miguel Xijún Kantun, NA
    (Start: 2006, End: 2009)
    Thesis title: Wildlife extraction by Mayan communities and mixed communities in the Mesoamerican Corridor
    Halia Euridice Zúniga Fuentes, NA
    (Start: 2008, End: 2009)
    Thesis title: Distribution and local ecological knowledge of the Centroamerican tapir in the state of Campeche
    Georgina O'Farrill, Postdoctoral fellow
    (Start: 2013, End: 2016)
    Other (co-)supervisor: Marie Josee Fortin, University of Toronto
    Thesis title: Connectivity of the Mesoamerican Corridor: effects of climate change on protected areas
    Personal page
    Marie-Lou Lecuyer, Ph.D.
    (Start: 2014, End: 2017)

    Other (co-)supervisor: Rehema White, University of St Andrews
    Thesis title: Social aspects of biodiversity conflicts: the case study of human-jaguar co-existence in Calakmul, Mexico
    Francisco Neira Brito, Ph.D.
    (Start: 2014, End: 2017)

    Other QCBS (co-)supervisor: Ismael Vaccaro
    Thesis title: Valeurs de la biodiversité qui s’expriment à travers des pratiques de subsistance de différentes communautés ethniques rurales du sud de l’Équateur
    Marie-Eve André, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2009, End: 2013)

    Thesis title: Direct and indirect effects of landscape structure on the foraging behavior of the King Vulture
    Natalia Carrillo Reyna, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2011, End: 2013)
    Other (co-)supervisor: Rafael Reyna Hurtado
    Thesis title: Abundance, habitat selection and potential distribution of the Baird's tapir in the Yucatan Peninsula: a study at local and regional scales
    María de la Luz Hernández Díaz, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2008, End: 2010)
    Thesis title: Habitat use by carnivores in a gradient of perturbation to the tropical forest after hurricane Dean
    Michael Deetjens, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2009, End: 2011)
    Thesis title: Ethnophytological knowledge of Mayan migrants in Calakmul
    Laura Dénommée Patry, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2009, End: 2011)
    Thesis title: Coastal fisheries and climate change
    Kattia Escobar, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2008, End: 2012)
    Thesis title: Current spread of subsistence hunting in the world
    Mathieu Léger-Dalcourt, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2013, End: 2016)

    Thesis title: Impact of logging on the feeding ecology of howler and spider monkeys
    Cédric Lemarchand, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2009, End: 2010)
    Thesis title: Impact of cattle ranching on prey availability for king vulture
    Karla Nájera, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2008, End: 2010)
    Thesis title: Trade-offs in the response to heterospecific calls related to reproductive and social status in the coatimundi
    Sabrina Plante, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2008, End: 2012)
    Thesis title: La stratégie spatiale et temporelle de recherche alimentaire des singes hurleurs du Guatemala (Alouatta pigra)
    Sébastien Rémillard, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2009, End: 2011)
    Thesis title: Local perceptions and conflicts with carnivores in Argentina
    Blanca Roldán Clarà, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2007, End: 2009)
    Thesis title: Abundance and reproductive success of Menaloptila glabrirostris as related to anthropogenic influence in Sian Ka
    Ariane Romon, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2016, End: 2018)
    Laurent Samson, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2008, End: 2011)
    Thesis title: Birds as indicators of forest health in Guatemala highlands
    Maxime Saunier, M.Sc.
    (Start: 2009, End: 2012)
    Thesis title: Potential of REDD+ for indigenous forest management
    ECL 605 - Écologie internationale (Fall / Automne)

    45- Building on common ground to address biodiversity conflicts and foster collaboration in environmental management
    Lecuyer L., White R.M., Schmook B., Calmé S.
    2018 Journal of Environmental Management (Date Added: 2018-05-25)

    44- The construction of feelings of justice in environmental management: An empirical study of multiple biodiversity conflicts in Calakmul, Mexico
    Lou Lecuyer, Rehema M.White, Birgit Schmook, Violaine Lemay, Sophie Calmé
    2018 Journal of Environmental Management (Date Added: 2018-03-13)

    43- Scoring Body Condition in Wild Bairds Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) Using Camera Traps and Opportunistic Photographic Material
    Perez-Flores, J., Calme, S., Reyna-Hurtado, R.
    2016 Tropical Conservation Science (Date Added: 2016-12-20)

    42- Insights into the multiannual home range of a Baird's tapir (Tapirus bairdii) in the Maya Forest
    Reyna-Hurtado, R., Sanvicente-López, M., Pérez-Flores, J., Carrillo-Reyna, N., Calmé, S.
    2016 Therya (Date Added: 2016-08-05)

    41- A monkey’s life is full of stress: pressures from a disease and the lack of good food and their effects on abundance
    Chapman, C.A., T.R. Bonnell, V.A.M. Schoof, and S. Calmé.
    2015 Atlas of science (Date Added: 2016-06-28)

    40- Subsistence Hunting and Conservation
    Ramirez-Barajas, P.J. , Calmé, S.
    2015 Biodiversity and Conservation of the Yucatan Peninsula (Date Added: 2016-02-23)

    39- Biodiversity and Conservation of the Yucatan Peninsula
    Islebe, G.A., Calmé, S., León-Cortés, J.L., Schmook, B.
    2015 (Date Added: 2016-02-23)

    38- Introduction: Biodiversity and conservation of the yucatán peninsula, Mexico
    Islebe, G.A., Schmook, B., Calmé, S., León-Cortés, J.L.
    2015 Biodiversity and Conservation of the Yucatan Peninsula (Date Added: 2016-02-23)

    37- Birds
    Calmé, S., Mackinnon-H., B., Leyequién, E., Escalona-Segura, FG.
    2015 Biodiversity and Conservation of the Yucatan Peninsula (Date Added: 2016-02-23)

    36- Sleeping Sites of Spider Monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) in Logged and Unlogged Tropical Forests
    Velázquez-Vázquez, G., Reyna-Hurtado, R., Arroyo-Rodríguez, V., Calmé, S., Léger-Dalcourt, M., Navarrete, D.A.
    2015 International Journal of Primatology (Date Added: 2016-01-18)

    35- Competing pressures on populations: long-term dynamics of food availability, food quality, disease, stress and animal abundance
    Chapman, C. A., Schoof, V. A. M., Bonnell, T. R., Gogarten, J. F., Calme, S.
    2015 Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences (Date Added: 2015-05-04)

    34- Preferenciasde hábitat y abundancia relativa de Tayassu pecari en un área con cacería en la región de Calakmul, Campeche, México
    Briceño-Méndez, M., Reyna-Hurtado, R., Calmé, S., García-Gil, G.
    2014 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad (Date Added: 2016-07-19)

    33- The potential connectivity of waterhole networks and the effectiveness of a protected area under various drought scenarios
    O'Farrill, G., Schampaert, K.G., Rayfield, B., Bodin, Ö., Calmé, S., Sengupta, R., Gonzalez, A.
    2014 PLoS ONE (Date Added: 2016-04-26)

    32- A cultural consensus regarding the king vulture?: Preliminary findings and their application to Mexican conservation
    Haenn, N., Schmook, B., Reyes, Y.M., Calmé, S.
    2014 Ethnobiology and Conservation (Date Added: 2015-11-03)

    31- Applying evolutionary concepts to wildlife disease ecology and management
    Vander Wal, Eric, Garant, Dany, Calmé, Sophie, Chapman, Colin A., Festa-Bianchet, Marco, Millien, Virginie, Rioux-Paquette, Sébastien, Pelletier, Fanie
    2014 Evolutionary Applications (Date Added: 2014-09-11)

    30- Improving Conservation Outcomes with Insights from Local Experts and Bureaucracies: Use of Hybrid Knowledge
    Haenn, Nora, Schmook, Birgit, Reyes, Yol, Calmé, Sophie
    2014 Conservation Biology (Date Added: 2014-03-24)

    29- Foraging strategy of a neotropical primate: how intrinsic and extrinsic factors influence destination and residence time
    Plante, Sabrina, Colchero, Fernando, Calmé, Sophie
    2014 Journal of Animal Ecology (Date Added: 2014-01-06)

    28-Zopilotes: Los limpiadores del ambiente
    Enriquez, P, J Coutiño Molina, S Calmé & L López Argoytia
    2012 ECOSUR ( Date Added: 2016-07-19)

    27- Effective dispersal of large seeds by Baird's tapir: A large-scale field experiment
    O'Farrill, G., Calmé, S., Sengupta, R., Gonzalez, A.
    2012 Journal of Tropical Ecology (Date Added: 2016-04-26)

    26- Nest survival in the Neotropical Black Catbird (Melanoptila glabrirostris)
    Roldán-Clarà, Blanca, LaPergola, Joshua B., Chapa-Vargas, Leonardo, Calmé, Sophie
    2012 Journal of Ornithology (Date Added: 2013-03-25)

    25- Presencia y abundancia relativa de carnívoros en una selva dañada por el huracán Dean (2007)
    Hernández-Díaz, Malú, Ramírez-Barajas, Pablo Jesús, Chávez, Cuauhtémoc, Schmook, Birgit, Calmé, Sophie
    2012 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad (Date Added: 2013-02-25)

    24- Impact of Hurricane Dean (2007) on Game Species of the Selva Maya, Mexico
    Ramírez-Barajas, Pablo J., Islebe, Gerald A., Calmé, Sophie
    2012 Biotropica (Date Added: 2012-05-15)

    23- Searching in heterogeneous and limiting environments: foraging strategies of white-lipped peccaries (Tayassu pecari)
    Reyna-Hurtado, Rafael, Chapman, Colin A., Calme, Sophie, Pedersen, Eric J.
    2012 Journal of Mammalogy (Date Added: 2012-03-08)

    22- When landscape modification is advantageous for protected species. The case of a synanthropic tarantula, Brachypelma vagans
    Machkour-M’Rabet, Salima, Hénaut, Yann, Calmé, Sophie, Legal, Luc
    2011 Journal of Insect Conservation (Date Added: 2012-08-08)

    21- Observation of Nocturnal Feeding in Black Vultures (Coragyps atratus)
    Charette, Mathieu R., Calmé, Sophie, Pelletier, Fanie
    2011 Journal of Raptor Research (Date Added: 2011-09-26)

    20- Predatory interactions between Centruroides scorpions and the tarantula Brachypelma vagans
    Dor, A., Calmé, S., Hénaut, Y.
    2011 Journal of Arachnology (Date Added: 2011-07-18)

    19- Classification in conservation biology: A comparison of five machine-learning methods
    Kampichler, C., Wieland, R., Calmé, S., Weissenberger, H., Arriaga-Weiss, S.
    2010 Ecological Informatics (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    18- Variation in plasma cholinesterase activity in the clay-colored robin (Turdus grayi) in relation to time of day, season, and diazinon exposure
    Cobos, V.M., Mora, M.A., Escalona, G., Calme, S., Jiménez, J.
    2010 Ecotoxicology (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    17- Indication of a species in an extinction vortex: The ocellated turkey on the Yucatan peninsula, Mexico
    Kampichler, C., Calmé, S., Weissenberger, H., Arriaga-Weiss, S.L.
    2010 Acta Oecologica (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    16- Bird communities in rainforest fragments: Guild responses to habitat variables in Tabasco, Mexico
    Arriaga-Weiss, S.L., Calmé, S., Kampichler, C.
    2008 Biodiversity and Conservation (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    15- Hybridization between Crocodylus acutus and Crocodylus moreletii in the Yucatan Peninsula: I. Evidence from mitochondrial DNA and morphology
    Cedeño-Vázquez, J.R., Rodriguez, D., Calmé, S., Ross, J.P., Densmore III, L.D., Thorbjarnarson, A.J.B.
    2008 Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    14- Senescence of Manilkara zapota trees and implications for large frugivorous birds in the Southern Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
    Weterings, M.J.A., Weterings-Schonck, S.M., Vester, H.F.M., Calmé, S.
    2008 Forest Ecology and Management (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    13- Land change in the southern Yucatán and Calakmul biosphere reserve: Effects on habitat and biodiversity
    Vester, H.F.M., Lawrence, D., Eastman, J.R., Turner II, B.L., Calmé, S., Dickson, R., Pozo, C., Sangermano, F.
    2007 Ecological Applications (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    12- Soil preference and burrow structure of an endangered tarantula, Brachypelma vagans (Mygalomorphae: Theraphosidae)
    M'Rabet, S.M., Hénaut, Y., Sepúlveda, A., Rojo, R., Calmé, S., Geissen, V.
    2007 Journal of Natural History (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    11- Spatio-temporal distribution of forest extractive activities in Caoba ejido, Quintana Roo
    Abraham, A.G., Schmook, B., Calmé, S.
    2007 Investigaciones Geograficas (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    10- Manilkara zapota: A new record of a species dispersed by tapirs
    O’Farrill, G., Calmé, S., Gonzalez, A.
    2006 Tapir Conservation (Date Added: 2011-08-04)

    9- A not so natural history of the tarantula Brachypelma vagans: Interaction with human activity
    M'Rabet, S.M., Hénaut, Y., Rojo, R., Calmé, S.
    2005 Journal of Natural History (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    8- Status and conservation of the American Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) in Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve, Quintana Roo, Mexico
    Charruau, P., Cedeño-Vazquez, J.R., Calme, S.
    2005 Herpetological Review (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    7- Regional significance of peatlands for avifaunal diversity in southern Québec
    Calmé, S., Desrochers, A., Savard, J.-P.L.
    2002 Biological Conservation (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    6- Biogeographic aspects of the distribution of bird species breeding in Québec's peatlands
    Calmé, S., Desrochers, A.
    2000 Journal of Biogeography (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    5- Nested bird and micro-habitat assemblages in a peatland archipelago
    Calmé, S., Desrochers, A.
    1999 Oecologia (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    4- Peatlands: A new habitat for the Upland Sandpiper, Bartramia longicauda in Eastern Canada
    Calmé, S., Haddad, S.
    1996 Canadian Field-Naturalist (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    3- The relationship between water content and frost tolerance in shoots of hardwood seedlings
    Calme, S., Margolis, H.A., Bigras, F.J., Mailly, D.
    1995 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    2- Viability tests for estimating root cold tolerance of black spruce seedlings
    Bigras, F.J., Calme, S.
    1994 Canadian Journal of Forest Research (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    1- Frost tolerance and bud dormancy of container-grown yellow birch, red oak and sugar maple seedlings
    Calme, S., Bigras, F.J., Margolis, H.A., Hebert, C.
    1994 Tree Physiology (Date Added: 2011-05-17)

    In the media